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Investigative Study on Nitric Oxide Production in Human Dermal Fibroblast Cells under Normal and High Glucose Conditions

1
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
2
Doctoral Program in Physical Therapy, Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, MI 48859, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Med. Sci. 2018, 6(4), 99; https://doi.org/10.3390/medsci6040099
Received: 4 September 2018 / Revised: 24 October 2018 / Accepted: 31 October 2018 / Published: 9 November 2018
Diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) are a major health problem associated with diabetes mellitus. Impaired nitric oxide (NO) production has been shown to be a major contributor to the dysregulation of healing in DFU. The level of impairment is not known primarily due to challenges with measuring NO. Herein, we report the actual level of NO produced by human dermal fibroblasts cultured under normal and high glucose conditions. Fibroblasts produce the extracellular matrix, which facilitate the migration of keratinocytes to close wounds. The results show that NO production was significantly higher in normal glucose compared to high glucose conditions. The real-time NO detected was compared to the nitrite present in the culture media and there was a direct correlation between real-time NO and nitrite in normal glucose conditions. However, real-time NO detection and nitrite measurement did not correlate under high glucose conditions. The inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) enzyme responsible for NO production was upregulated in normal and high glucose conditions and the proliferation rate of fibroblasts was not statistically different in all the treatment groups. Relying only on nitrite to assess NO production is not an accurate determinant of the NO present in the wound bed in pathological states such as diabetes mellitus. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetic foot ulcers; fibroblast cells; real-time nitric oxide; nitrite diabetic foot ulcers; fibroblast cells; real-time nitric oxide; nitrite
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P. Kwesiga, M.; Cook, E.; Hannon, J.; Wayward, S.; Gwaltney, C.; Rao, S.; C. Frost, M. Investigative Study on Nitric Oxide Production in Human Dermal Fibroblast Cells under Normal and High Glucose Conditions. Med. Sci. 2018, 6, 99.

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