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Med. Sci. 2018, 6(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/medsci6010010

Conventional Chromosome Analysis of Fetuses with Central Nervous System Anomalies and Associated Anomalies: Is Anything Changed?

1
Maternal-Fetal Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Izmir Katip Celebi University, Izmir 35330, Turkey
2
Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic, Izmir Ataturk Education and Research Hospital, Ministry of Health, Izmir 35330, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 November 2017 / Revised: 19 December 2017 / Accepted: 1 February 2018 / Published: 6 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Gynecology)
Full-Text   |   PDF [186 KB, uploaded 6 February 2018]   |   Review Reports

Abstract

Central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities are often isolated but can accompany various genetic syndromes. In this study, we evaluated conventional karyotype results and associated findings of fetuses that were diagnosed with CNS abnormalities. Cases included in the study were diagnosed with fetal CNS anomalies and underwent conventional karyotyping. Conventional karyotype results of subjects were compared with karyotype results of fetal karyotyped patients as a result of maternal anxiety in a two-year period. In this period, 69 patients were diagnosed with fetal CNS anomalies and 64 of them underwent invasive fetal karyotyping. Of these, 32 patients had isolated CNS anomalies, while 32 were associated with other anomalies. There was no significant difference between karyotype results when compared with the control group (p = 0.76). Apart from some specific anomalies, the aneuploidy rate does not significantly differ between fetuses with CNS anomalies and the control group. Advanced genetic evaluation may provide additional diagnostic benefits, especially for this group. View Full-Text
Keywords: aneuploidy; central nervous system anomalies; conventional karyotyping; karyotype; prenatal diagnosis aneuploidy; central nervous system anomalies; conventional karyotyping; karyotype; prenatal diagnosis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ekmekci, E.; Demirel, E.; Gencdal, S. Conventional Chromosome Analysis of Fetuses with Central Nervous System Anomalies and Associated Anomalies: Is Anything Changed? Med. Sci. 2018, 6, 10.

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