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Article

The 2013–2018 Matese and Beneventano Seismic Sequences (Central–Southern Apennines): New Constraints on the Hypocentral Depth Determination

1
Dipartimento Scienze della Terra, Università La Sapienza, 00185 Roma, Italy
2
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Osservatorio Nazionale Terremoti, 00185 Roma, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2020, 10(1), 17; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences10010017
Received: 19 November 2019 / Revised: 23 December 2019 / Accepted: 24 December 2019 / Published: 30 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Seismic Sequence in Mediterranean Region)
The Matese and Beneventano areas coincide with the transition from the central to the southern Apennines and are characterized by both SW- and NE-dipping normal faulting seismogenic structures, responsible for the large historical earthquakes. We studied the Matese and Beneventano seismicity by means of high-precision locations of earthquakes spanning from 29 December 2013 to 4 September 2018. Events were located by using all of the available data from temporary and permanent stations in the area and a 1D computed velocity model, inverting the dataset with the Velest code. For events M > 2.8 we used P- and S-waves arrival times of the strong motion stations located in the study area. A constant value of 1.83 for Vp/Vs was computed with a modified Wadati method. The dataset consists of 2378 earthquakes, 18,715 P- and 12,295 S-wave arrival times. We computed 55 new fault plane solutions. The mechanisms show predominantly normal fault movements, with T-axis trends oriented NE–SW. Only relatively small E–W trending clusters in the eastern peripheral zones of the Apenninic belt show right-lateral strike-slip kinematics similar to that observed in the Potenza (1990–1991) and Molise (2002 and 2018) sequences. These belong to transfer zones associated with differential slab retreat of the Adriatic plate subduction beneath the Apennines. The Matese sequence (December 2013–February 2014; main shock Mw 5.0) is the most relevant part of our dataset. Hypocentral depths along the axis of the Apenninic belt are in agreement with previous seismological studies that place most of the earthquakes in the brittle upper crust. We confirm a general deepening of seismicity moving from west to the east along the Apennines. Seismicity depth is controlled by heat-flow, which is lower in the eastern side, thus causing a deeper brittle–ductile transition. View Full-Text
Keywords: seismogenic structures; hypocentral determination; 1D velocity model; central–southern Italy seismogenic structures; hypocentral determination; 1D velocity model; central–southern Italy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Trionfera, B.; Frepoli, A.; De Luca, G.; De Gori, P.; Doglioni, C. The 2013–2018 Matese and Beneventano Seismic Sequences (Central–Southern Apennines): New Constraints on the Hypocentral Depth Determination. Geosciences 2020, 10, 17. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences10010017

AMA Style

Trionfera B, Frepoli A, De Luca G, De Gori P, Doglioni C. The 2013–2018 Matese and Beneventano Seismic Sequences (Central–Southern Apennines): New Constraints on the Hypocentral Depth Determination. Geosciences. 2020; 10(1):17. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences10010017

Chicago/Turabian Style

Trionfera, Brando; Frepoli, Alberto; De Luca, Gaetano; De Gori, Pasquale; Doglioni, Carlo. 2020. "The 2013–2018 Matese and Beneventano Seismic Sequences (Central–Southern Apennines): New Constraints on the Hypocentral Depth Determination" Geosciences 10, no. 1: 17. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences10010017

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