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Article

Design of Scalable IoT Architecture Based on AWS for Smart Livestock

Department of Modelling and Optimization, Institute of Information and Communication Technologies, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maria Caria
Animals 2021, 11(9), 2697; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11092697
Received: 1 July 2021 / Revised: 7 September 2021 / Accepted: 9 September 2021 / Published: 15 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Farm)
Due to the growing number of connected IoT devices, the scalability capacity and available computing power of the existing architectural frameworks would be reached. This necessitates finding a solution that meets the growing demands. Cloud-based IoT is becoming an increasingly popular and desirable solution. This work presents a specially designed architecture based on Amazon Web Services (AWS) for monitoring livestock using cyber–physical systems (CPS) and Internet of things (IoT) equipment and a wide range of cloud native services. Used services in AWS cloud are described in detail and their tasks according to the application area are clarified. A stress test to prove the ability of the developed architecture for data processing was completed. Experimental results showed that the proposed architecture with the services provided by Amazon is fully capable of processing the required amount of data and allows the CPS/IoT infrastructure to use automated scaling mechanisms.
In the ecological future of the planet, intelligent agriculture relies on CPS and IoT to free up human resources and increase production efficiency. Due to the growing number of connected IoT devices, the maximum scalability capacity, and available computing power of the existing architectural frameworks will be reached. This necessitates finding a solution that meets the continuously growing demands in smart farming. Cloud-based IoT solutions are achieving increasingly high popularity. The aim of this study was to design a scalable cloud-based architecture for a smart livestock monitoring system following Agile methodology and featuring environmental monitoring, health, growth, behaviour, reproduction, emotional state, and stress levels of animals. The AWS services used, and their specific tasks related to the proposed architecture are explained in detail. A stress test was performed to prove the data ingesting and processing capability of the proposed architecture. Experimental results proved that the proposed architecture using AWS automated scaling mechanisms and IoT devices are fully capable of processing the growing amount of data, which in turn allow for meeting the required needs of the constantly expanding number of CPS systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyber–physical systems; IoT; cloud computing; AWS architecture; scalability; smart livestock farm; monitoring; stress test; Agile methodology cyber–physical systems; IoT; cloud computing; AWS architecture; scalability; smart livestock farm; monitoring; stress test; Agile methodology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dineva, K.; Atanasova, T. Design of Scalable IoT Architecture Based on AWS for Smart Livestock. Animals 2021, 11, 2697. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11092697

AMA Style

Dineva K, Atanasova T. Design of Scalable IoT Architecture Based on AWS for Smart Livestock. Animals. 2021; 11(9):2697. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11092697

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dineva, Kristina, and Tatiana Atanasova. 2021. "Design of Scalable IoT Architecture Based on AWS for Smart Livestock" Animals 11, no. 9: 2697. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11092697

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