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Open AccessOpinion

From Anonymous to Public Enemy: How Does a Mosquito Become a Feared Arbovirus Vector?

1
MIVEGEC unit, Université de Montpellier, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), CNRS, BP 64501, 34394 Montpellier, France
2
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, 21 Sachem Street, New Haven, CT 06511-8934, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pathogens 2020, 9(4), 265; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9040265
Received: 6 March 2020 / Revised: 1 April 2020 / Accepted: 2 April 2020 / Published: 5 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Untargeted Alternative Routes of Arbovirus Transmission)
The past few decades have seen the emergence of several worldwide arbovirus epidemics (chikungunya, Zika), the expansion or recrudescence of historical arboviruses (dengue, yellow fever), and the modification of the distribution area of major vector mosquitoes such as Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus, raising questions about the risk of appearance of new vectors and new epidemics. In this opinion piece, we review the factors that led to the emergence of yellow fever in the Americas, define the conditions for a mosquito to become a vector, analyse the recent example of the new status of Aedes albopictus from neglected mosquito to major vector, and propose some scenarios for the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: mosquito; culicidae; Aedes aegypti; Aedes albopictus; emergence; arbovirus mosquito; culicidae; Aedes aegypti; Aedes albopictus; emergence; arbovirus
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Fontenille, D.; Powell, J.R. From Anonymous to Public Enemy: How Does a Mosquito Become a Feared Arbovirus Vector? Pathogens 2020, 9, 265.

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