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Case Report

Monitoring and Calculation Study in Mediterranean Residential Spaces: Thermal Performance Comparison for the Winter Season

1
Department of Environment and Infrastructure, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador 40170-110, Brazil
2
Engineering, Industry and Construction Unit, Catholic University of Cuenca, Cuenca 010102, Ecuador
3
Architecture, Energy and Environment, School of Architecture, Polytechnic University of Catalonia, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Víctor Yepes, Ignacio J. Navarro Martínez and Antonio J. Sánchez-Garrido
Buildings 2022, 12(3), 325; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12030325
Received: 7 January 2022 / Revised: 23 February 2022 / Accepted: 25 February 2022 / Published: 9 March 2022
In cold regions, the reduction in envelope thermal transmittance is often the dominant parameter in ensuring thermal comfort in buildings. However, countries in warmer climates have also adopted this same strategy, often neglecting other parameters that are more influential in their respective climate regions that can achieve thermal comfort. This study focuses on passive building strategies to ensure a building’s thermal comfort conditions in Mediterranean climates in the winter. This monitoring study compares two dwellings during the winter in Barcelona, Spain, in order to analyze the impact of not only the envelope’s thermal properties on indoor temperature, but also the role of other factors such as outdoor temperature and solar gains. The dwellings were built in different decades, each following distinct building technical codes, diverse construction techniques, and building materials. The methodology used in this study is based on thermal measurements, meteorological data, and spreadsheet calculations. Comparing these results with the recent updates in Spain’s technical code and other studies, the investigation demonstrates that to achieve a suitable indoor thermal temperature in a passive way, especially in Mediterranean climates, incorporating other factors such as the combination of thermal inertia and solar gains can be more effective than a strategy mainly focused on reducing thermal transmittance. This analysis demonstrates that a building’s thermal performance does not mainly depend on envelope thermal transmittance, but rather a complex system involving a set of variables such as thermal inertia as well as solar gains, based on parameters such as building orientation and urban context. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mediterranean climate; solar gains; thermal mass; thermal insulation Mediterranean climate; solar gains; thermal mass; thermal insulation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Santana, B.O.; Torres-Quezada, J.; Coch, H.; Isalgue, A. Monitoring and Calculation Study in Mediterranean Residential Spaces: Thermal Performance Comparison for the Winter Season. Buildings 2022, 12, 325. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12030325

AMA Style

Santana BO, Torres-Quezada J, Coch H, Isalgue A. Monitoring and Calculation Study in Mediterranean Residential Spaces: Thermal Performance Comparison for the Winter Season. Buildings. 2022; 12(3):325. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12030325

Chicago/Turabian Style

Santana, Bruno O., Jefferson Torres-Quezada, Helena Coch, and Antonio Isalgue. 2022. "Monitoring and Calculation Study in Mediterranean Residential Spaces: Thermal Performance Comparison for the Winter Season" Buildings 12, no. 3: 325. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12030325

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