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Article

Quantifying the Effects of Projected Climate Change on the Durability and Service Life of Housing in Wales, UK

1
Cardiff School of Art and Design, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff CF5 2YB, UK
2
Resilient Analytics, Inc., Louisville, CO 80027, USA
3
Environmental Design, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Da Yan
Buildings 2022, 12(2), 184; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12020184
Received: 13 January 2022 / Revised: 1 February 2022 / Accepted: 2 February 2022 / Published: 6 February 2022
This research aimed to provide the Welsh Government with measured and quantified climate vulnerabilities associated with housing building-fabric, including the potential financial cost of not planning for climate change. Wales’s climate is projected to become warmer but wetter and it is known that hygrothermal impacts can accelerate deterioration, leading to damp and, subsequently, a loss of thermal performance. A stressor-response methodology was applied, which assumes that the exogenous stressors of solar flux, precipitation, and humidity have a direct effect on building-fabric performance. The resultant stressor-response values equate to the quantitative impact that a specific stressor has on individual specific building elements, presented as an adjusted service life and associated costs. Results show a modest reduction in the service life of building materials due to increases in and changing patterns of precipitation and subsequent moisture ingress. Although modest, with 1.5 million dwellings in Wales, the impact is significant. Advocating regular maintenance and repair will not only reduce the risks associated with changing weather patterns, but also encourage energy efficiency by improving the thermal performance of the building envelope. This will reduce the risk of adverse climate related outcomes, increased vulnerability to climate change, now or in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: building materials; climate change; stressors; vulnerability building materials; climate change; stressors; vulnerability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hayles, C.; Huddleston, M.; Chinowsky, P.; Helman, J. Quantifying the Effects of Projected Climate Change on the Durability and Service Life of Housing in Wales, UK. Buildings 2022, 12, 184. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12020184

AMA Style

Hayles C, Huddleston M, Chinowsky P, Helman J. Quantifying the Effects of Projected Climate Change on the Durability and Service Life of Housing in Wales, UK. Buildings. 2022; 12(2):184. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12020184

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hayles, Carolyn, Matt Huddleston, Paul Chinowsky, and Jacob Helman. 2022. "Quantifying the Effects of Projected Climate Change on the Durability and Service Life of Housing in Wales, UK" Buildings 12, no. 2: 184. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12020184

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