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Effect of Heat Input and Undermatched Filler Wire on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Dissimilar S700MC/S960QC High-Strength Steels

Laboratory of Welding Technology, Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology, P.O. Box 20, 53851 Lappeenranta, Finland
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Metals 2019, 9(8), 883; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9080883
Received: 8 July 2019 / Revised: 7 August 2019 / Accepted: 8 August 2019 / Published: 12 August 2019
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Abstract

The effect of heat input on the microstructure and mechanical properties of dissimilar S700MC/S960QC high-strength steels (HSS) using undermatched filler material was evaluated. Experiments were performed using the gas metal arc welding process to weld three samples, which had three different heat input values (i.e., 15 kJ/cm, 7 kJ/cm, and 10 kJ/cm). The cooling continuous temperature (CCT) diagrams, macro-hardness values, microstructure formations, alloy element compositions, and tensile test analyses were performed with the aim of providing valuable information for improving the strength of the heat-affected zone (HAZ) of both materials. Micro-hardness measurement was conducted using the Vickers hardness test and microstructural evaluation by scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The mechanical properties were characterized by tensile testing. Dissimilar welded samples (S700MC/S960QC) with a cooling rate of 10 °C/s (15 kJ/cm) showed a lower than average hardness (210 HV5) in the HAZ of S700MC than S960QC. This hardness was 18% lower compared to the value of the base material (BM). The best microstructure formation was obtained using a heat input of 10 kJ/cm, which led to the formation of bainite (B, 60% volume fraction), ferrite (F, 25% volume fraction), and retained austenite (RA, 10%) in the final microstructure of S700MC, and B (55%), martensite (M, 45%), and RA (10%), which developed at the end of the transformation of S960QC. The results showed the presence of 1.3 Ni, 0.4 Mo, and 1.6 Mn in the fine-grain heat-affected zone of S700MC. The formation of a higher carbide content at a lower cooling rate reduced both the hardness and strength. View Full-Text
Keywords: GMA welding process; scanning electron microscopy; dissimilar welding; optical microscopy; energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy; S960QC; S700MC GMA welding process; scanning electron microscopy; dissimilar welding; optical microscopy; energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy; S960QC; S700MC
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Njock Bayock, F.; Kah, P.; Mvola, B.; Layus, P. Effect of Heat Input and Undermatched Filler Wire on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Dissimilar S700MC/S960QC High-Strength Steels. Metals 2019, 9, 883.

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