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Effect of Preheating Temperature on Microstructure and Properties of 42CrMo4/38MnVS6 Heterogeneous Laser Welded Joint

Key Laboratory of Automobile Materials Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130022, China
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Metals 2019, 9(8), 870; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9080870
Received: 23 July 2019 / Revised: 6 August 2019 / Accepted: 6 August 2019 / Published: 8 August 2019
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Abstract

Laser-welded forged steel pistons can meet the needs of the new era of heavy truck engines. 42CrMo4 and 38MnVS6 are widely used as piston materials due to the good mechanical properties. This study investigates the influence of preheating on microstructure and mechanical properties of 42CrMo4/38MnVS6 laser welding joint. The experimental results show preheating increases the laser absorption capacity of the metal, which can lead to an increase in weld width. The microstructure of weld is the high-hardness and poor toughness twin martensite without preheating. As the temperature of preheating increases, the twin martensite in the weld begins to transform into lath martensite and regenerates ferrite and bainite. As the preheating temperature increases, the plane fracture toughness (K1C) of the weld increases and then decreases, reaching the highest value of 2322.94 MPa·mm−1/2 at 150 °C. Compared with no preheating conditions, the tensile strength of the welded joint after preheating is improved. The fracture mode of welded joints changes from brittle fracture to ductile fracture. When the preheating temperature is 100–200 °C, the tensile strength of the welded joint reaches 1018.1–1032.5 MPa; when the preheating temperature is 250 °C–300 °C, the tensile strength decreases. View Full-Text
Keywords: 42CrMo4; 38MnVS6; preheat; laser welding; microstructure; plane fracture toughness; tensile strength 42CrMo4; 38MnVS6; preheat; laser welding; microstructure; plane fracture toughness; tensile strength
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Su, J.; Qiu, X.; Xing, F.; Ruan, Y. Effect of Preheating Temperature on Microstructure and Properties of 42CrMo4/38MnVS6 Heterogeneous Laser Welded Joint. Metals 2019, 9, 870.

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