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Creep Buckling of 304 Stainless-Steel Tubes Subjected to External Pressure for Nuclear Power Plant Applications

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ajou University, Suwon 16499, Korea
2
Department of Nuclear Engineering and Management, The University of Tokyo, Hongo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2019, 9(5), 536; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9050536
Received: 19 April 2019 / Revised: 7 May 2019 / Accepted: 7 May 2019 / Published: 9 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Creep and High Temperature Deformation of Metals and Alloys)
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Abstract

The creep-buckling behaviors of cylindrical stainless-steel tubes subjected to radial external pressure load at elevated temperatures—800, 900, and 1000 °C—were experimentally investigated. Prior to the creep-buckling tests, the buckling pressure was measured under each temperature condition. Then, in creep-buckling experiments, the creep-buckling failure time was measured by reducing the external pressure load for two different tube specimens—representing the first and second buckling modes—to examine the relationship between the external pressure and the creep-buckling failure time. The measured failure time ranged from <1 min to <4 h under 99–41% loading of the buckling pressure. Additionally, an empirical correlation was developed using the Larson–Miller parameter model to predict the long-term buckling time of the stainless-steel tube column according to the experimental results. Moreover, the creep-buckling processes were recorded by two high-speed cameras. Finally, the characteristics of the creep buckling under radial loading were discussed with regard to the geometrical imperfections of the tubes and the material properties of the stainless steel at the high temperatures. View Full-Text
Keywords: creep buckling; external pressure; Larson–Miller parameter; elevated temperature; visualization creep buckling; external pressure; Larson–Miller parameter; elevated temperature; visualization
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Jo, B.; Okamoto, K.; Kasahara, N. Creep Buckling of 304 Stainless-Steel Tubes Subjected to External Pressure for Nuclear Power Plant Applications. Metals 2019, 9, 536.

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