Next Article in Journal
Creep Buckling of 304 Stainless-Steel Tubes Subjected to External Pressure for Nuclear Power Plant Applications
Previous Article in Journal
Mechanical Amorphization and Recrystallization of Mn-Co(Fe)-Ge(Si) Compositions
Article Menu

Article Versions

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

A Finite Element Analysis of the Fatigue Behavior and Risk of Failure of Immediate Provisional Implants

Department Continuum Mechanics and Structural Analysis, Higher Polytechnic School, Carlos III University, Avenida de la Universidad 30, 28911 Leganés, Madrid, Spain
Research Department, ASISA Dental, Calle José Abascal 32, 28003 Madrid, Spain
Department of Research, Biotecnos, Cuareim 1483, Montevideo CP 11100, Uruguay
Department of Oral and Implant Surgery, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Católica de Murcia (UCAM), 30107 Murcia, Spain
Department of Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Health Sciences, Rey Juan Carlos University, Avenida de Atenas s/n, 28922 Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2019, 9(5), 535;
Received: 9 April 2019 / Revised: 25 April 2019 / Accepted: 6 May 2019 / Published: 8 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Titanium in Medical and Dental Applications)
PDF [2463 KB, uploaded 8 May 2019]


Background: Temporary dental implants are used to support provisional prostheses. The goal of this study was to obtain the stress–number (S–N) curves of cycles of five temporary dental implants employing finite element methods. Additionally, a probabilistic analysis was carried out to obtain the failure probability of each dental implant. Methods: To obtain these curves, first the maximum value of the fracture load was obtained by simulation of a compression test. Subsequently, the fatigue life was simulated by varying each of the loads from the maximum value to a minimum value (10% of the maximum value), and the minimum number of cycles that it should support was calculated. Results: The fatigue limit of titanium in these implants was around 200 MPa with the maximum number of cycles between 64,976 and 256,830. The maximum compression load was between 100 and 80 N. Regarding the probability of failure, all implants were expected to behave similarly. Conclusions: This study of finite elements provided the values of maximum load supported by each of the implants, and the relationship between the stress in the implant and the number of cycles that it could support with a probability of failure. An international standard on how to perform fatigue studies in temporary dental implants was deemed necessary.
Keywords: temporary dental implants; fatigue; fracture; titanium alloy; failure probability temporary dental implants; fatigue; fracture; titanium alloy; failure probability
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Prados-Privado, M.; Ivorra, C.; Martínez-Martínez, C.; Gehrke, S.A.; Calvo-Guirado, J.L.; Prados-Frutos, J.C. A Finite Element Analysis of the Fatigue Behavior and Risk of Failure of Immediate Provisional Implants. Metals 2019, 9, 535.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Metals EISSN 2075-4701 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top