Next Article in Journal
Influence of Musculoskeletal System Dysfunction Degree on Psychophysiological Indicators of Paralympic Athletes
Previous Article in Journal
Epidemiology of Sports Related Concussion in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu: A Cross-Sectional Study
Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Aerobic Exercise on Speed and Accuracy Task Components in Motor Learning

1
Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, NTNU—Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491 Trondheim, Norway
2
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social and Educational Sciences, NTNU—Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491 Trondheim, Norway
3
Department of Sport Science and Physical Education, Reykjavík University, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland
4
Department of Sport Science & Physical Education, Faculty of Teaching, Art and Culture, Nord University, 7600 Levanger, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2019, 7(3), 54; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7030054
Received: 11 December 2018 / Revised: 10 February 2019 / Accepted: 20 February 2019 / Published: 26 February 2019
Acute exercise has an influence on human cognition, and both theoretical approaches and previous investigations suggest that the learning process can be facilitated. A distinction has been made however, between the predominately positive effects on task speed compared to both the negative and null effects on aspects of task accuracy. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise conducted before each practice trial (3 × week) for a period of four weeks, on speed and accuracy components in a novel keyboard typing task. To this end, young adults (n = 26) where randomized to a non-exercise resting group (control) or an exercise group (ergometer cycling at 65% of age-predicted maximal heart rate). Immediately after exercise or resting, participants practiced keyboard typing through specialized online software for a total of 2 h across the study period. All participants improved their speed and accuracy in the keyboard typing task. At 7-day retention, no differences were found between groups. Thus, the degree of improvement on both speed and accuracy task components was not significantly different between the exercise and control group. Further studies are warranted to establish the specific relationship between aerobic exercise and task components in motor learning and retention. View Full-Text
Keywords: acute exercise; motor learning; retention; speed; accuracy acute exercise; motor learning; retention; speed; accuracy
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Stranda, H.; Haga, M.; Sigmundsson, H.; Lorås, H. The Effect of Aerobic Exercise on Speed and Accuracy Task Components in Motor Learning. Sports 2019, 7, 54.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop