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Open AccessReview

Comparative Ecology of Hyalomma lusitanicum and Hyalomma marginatum Koch, 1844 (Acarina: Ixodidae)

1
Grupo de Parasitología Animal, Animalario del Departamento de Reproducción Animal, INIA, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2
Villamagna S.A., Finca ‘‘La Garganta’’, 14440 Villanueva de Córdoba, Spain
3
Center for Vector Biology, Department of Entomology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
4
Département de Parasitologie et Santé Publique, Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II, Rabat-Instituts B.P. 6202, Morocco
5
Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, UCM, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2020, 11(5), 303; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11050303
Received: 21 April 2020 / Revised: 8 May 2020 / Accepted: 9 May 2020 / Published: 13 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Insects-Environment Interaction)
The genus Hyalomma belongs to the Ixodidae family and includes many tick species. Most species in this genus are African species, but two of them, Hyalomma lusitanicum and Hyalomma marginatum, are also found in Europe and, owing to their morphological similarity, it is very difficult to tell them apart. This is a major concern because their phenology and vector capacities are quite different. Moreover, they share many habitats and both are currently spreading to new areas, probably due to climate change and animal/human movements. In this study, we review the described ecology of the two species and provide further interesting data on H. lusitanicum based on the authors’ experience, which could be useful in assessing the risk they pose to humans and animals. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hyalomma lusitanicum; Hyalomma marginatum; ecology Hyalomma lusitanicum; Hyalomma marginatum; ecology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Valcárcel, F.; González, J.; González, M.G.; Sánchez, M.; Tercero, J.M.; Elhachimi, L.; Carbonell, J.D.; Olmeda, A.S. Comparative Ecology of Hyalomma lusitanicum and Hyalomma marginatum Koch, 1844 (Acarina: Ixodidae). Insects 2020, 11, 303.

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