Next Article in Journal
Evaluation of the Association of Omentin 1 rs2274907 A>T and rs2274908 G>A Gene Polymorphisms with Coronary Artery Disease in Indian Population: A Case Control Study
Next Article in Special Issue
Barriers and Facilitators to Genetic Testing for Familial Hypercholesterolemia in the United States: A Review
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Assessing the Joint Value of Genomic-Based Diagnostic Tests and Gene Therapies
Article Menu
Issue 2 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Primary Care Physicians’ Knowledge, Attitudes, and Experience with Personal Genetic Testing

Duke Center for Applied Genomics and Precision Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC 27708, USA
23andMe, Inc., 899 W Evelyn Ave, Mountain View, CA 94041, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Pers. Med. 2019, 9(2), 29;
Received: 19 April 2019 / Revised: 21 May 2019 / Accepted: 22 May 2019 / Published: 24 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genomic Medicine and Policy)
PDF [219 KB, uploaded 24 May 2019]


Primary care providers (PCPs) will play an important role in precision medicine. However, their lack of training and knowledge about genetics and genomics may limit their ability to advise patients or interpret or utilize test results. We evaluated PCPs’ awareness of the role of genetics/genomics in health, knowledge about key concepts in genomic medicine, perception/attitudes towards direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic testing, and their level of confidence/comfort in discussing testing with patients prior to and after undergoing DTC testing through the 23andMe Health + Ancestry Service. A total of 130 PCPs completed the study. Sixty-three percent were board-certified in family practice, 32% graduated between 1991 and 2000, and 88% had heard of 23andMe prior to the study. Seventy-two percent decided to participate in the study to gain a better understanding about testing. At baseline, 23% of respondents indicated comfort discussing genetics as a risk factor for common diseases, increasing to 59% after undergoing personal genetic testing (PGT) (p < 0.01). In summary, we find that undergoing PGT augments physicians’ confidence, comfort, and interest in DTC testing. View Full-Text
Keywords: genomics; education; primary care genomics; education; primary care
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Haga, S.B.; Kim, E.; Myers, R.A.; Ginsburg, G.S. Primary Care Physicians’ Knowledge, Attitudes, and Experience with Personal Genetic Testing. J. Pers. Med. 2019, 9, 29.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
J. Pers. Med. EISSN 2075-4426 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top