Fibrosis is a severe complication of many acute and chronic kidney pathologies. According to current concepts, an imbalance in the synthesis and degradation of the extracellular matrix by fibroblasts is considered the key cause of the induction and progression of fibrosis. Nevertheless, inflammation associated with the damage of tissue cells is among the factors promoting this pathological process. Most of the mechanisms accompanying fibrosis development are controlled by various hormones, which makes humoral regulation an attractive target for therapeutic intervention. In this vein, it is particularly interesting that the kidney is the source of many hormones, while other hormones regulate renal functions. The normal kidney physiology and pathogenesis of many kidney diseases are sex-dependent and thus modulated by sex hormones. Therefore, when choosing therapy, it is necessary to focus on the sex-associated characteristics of kidney functioning. In this review, we considered renal fibrosis from the point of view of vasoactive and reproductive hormone imbalance. The hormonal therapy possibilities for the treatment or prevention of kidney fibrosis are also discussed.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited