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Minerals 2018, 8(9), 404; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8090404

Fundamental Studies of SHMP in Reducing Negative Effects of Divalent Ions on Molybdenite Flotation

1
School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, China
2
School of Natural and Built Environments, University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes, SA 5095, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 July 2018 / Revised: 5 September 2018 / Accepted: 11 September 2018 / Published: 13 September 2018
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Abstract

Seawater has been considered as an alternative to freshwater for flotation. However, many ions in seawater were reported to depress molybdenite (MoS2), with the depressing mechanisms being insufficiently understood. In this study, the influence of divalent ions (e.g., Ca2+ and Mg2+) and dispersant on MoS2 flotation was systematically investigated. It was found that the detrimental effects of Ca2+ and Mg2+ on the natural flotability of MoS2 were mainly due to the attachment of formed CaMoO4 precipitates and Mg(OH)2 colloids onto MoS2 surface. However, the addition of sodium hexametaphosphate (SHMP) reduced the negative effects. Various measurements, including contact angle, zeta potential, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and atomic force microscope (AFM), were conducted to understand the influencing mechanisms of divalent ions and the beneficial effects of SHMP on MoS2 flotation. In addition, the Extended Derjguin–Landau–Verwey–Overbeek (EDLVO) theory was applied to investigate the total interaction energy between MoS2 particles and formed colloids, revealing that the reduced attraction force between MoS2 and Mg(OH)2 colloids in the presence of SHMP primarily resulted in the increased MoS2 recovery. In addition, SHMP combined with Mg2+ and Ca2+ to form dissolvable complexes, thereby reducing insoluble Mg2+ and Ca2+ compounds or precipitation. Thus, this study demonstrated for the first time two influencing mechanisms of SHMP in improving MoS2 recovery in the presence of Ca2+ and Mg2+. View Full-Text
Keywords: flotation; SHMP; molybdenite; divalent ions; seawater flotation; SHMP; molybdenite; divalent ions; seawater
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Li, W.; Li, Y.; Wei, Z.; Xiao, Q.; Song, S. Fundamental Studies of SHMP in Reducing Negative Effects of Divalent Ions on Molybdenite Flotation. Minerals 2018, 8, 404.

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