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Influence of Lateral Loading on Compaction Characteristics of Crushed Waste Rock Used for Backfilling

State Key Laboratory of Coal Resources and Safe Mining, China University of Mining & Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
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Minerals 2018, 8(12), 552; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8120552
Received: 13 October 2018 / Revised: 18 November 2018 / Accepted: 19 November 2018 / Published: 28 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Backfilling Materials for Underground Mining)
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Abstract

Crushed waste rock can be used as backfill in goafs to allow re-use of otherwise solid waste and to control surface subsidence. If a certain lateral stress is applied to crushed waste rocks beforehand, they are densified. Therefore, this research investigated the effects of lateral stress on compaction characteristics of waste rocks for backfilling by utilising a self-designed bidirectional loading test system for granular materials. Furthermore, this study tested the changes in the mechanical parameters on lateral and axial loading of waste rocks for backfilling and measured the influence of lateral stress on lateral strain, axial strain, porosity, and lateral pressure coefficient during compaction. The test results demonstrate that (1) lateral stress affects porosity, strain, and the lateral pressure coefficient of crushed waste rocks for backfilling in lateral and axial loading. (2) In lateral loading, the greater the lateral stress, the larger the lateral strain and the reduction in lateral porosity. (3) Under axial loading, for the samples on which a high lateral stress is applied, because the porosity of waste rocks is decreased in advance, the density increases, thus finally resulting in a lower axial strain. (4) After compaction, the particle size distributions of the samples of the crushed waste rocks under four lateral stresses all shift upwards compared with those before compaction, implying that particles are crushed. However, lateral stress does not reach the crushing strength of waste rock particles, which exerts only a small influence on the crushing of particles before and after compaction. View Full-Text
Keywords: lateral loading stress; waste rocks; backfilling mining; compaction characteristics; particle distribution lateral loading stress; waste rocks; backfilling mining; compaction characteristics; particle distribution
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Li, M.; Zhang, J.; Sun, K.; Zhang, S. Influence of Lateral Loading on Compaction Characteristics of Crushed Waste Rock Used for Backfilling. Minerals 2018, 8, 552.

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