Next Article in Journal
Entropy Generation in a Mass-Spring-Damper System Using a Conformable Model
Next Article in Special Issue
Application of Fractional Derivative Without Singular and Local Kernel to Enhanced Heat Transfer in CNTs Nanofluid Over an Inclined Plate
Previous Article in Journal
Influence of Ramped Wall Temperature and Ramped Wall Velocity on Unsteady Magnetohydrodynamic Convective Maxwell Fluid Flow
Previous Article in Special Issue
Utilization of Second Order Slip, Activation Energy and Viscous Dissipation Consequences in Thermally Developed Flow of Third Grade Nanofluid with Gyrotactic Microorganisms
Open AccessArticle

A Numerical Exploration of Modified Second-Grade Nanofluid with Motile Microorganisms, Thermal Radiation, and Wu’s Slip

1
School of Mathematics, Xijing University, Xi’an 710123, China
2
Department of Mathematics, Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab 38000, Pakistan
3
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
4
Department for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City 758307, Vietnam
5
Faculty of Applied Sciences, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City 758307, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Symmetry 2020, 12(3), 393; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12030393
Received: 6 January 2020 / Revised: 19 February 2020 / Accepted: 21 February 2020 / Published: 3 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Future and Prospects in Non-Newtonian and Nanofluids)
This study is carried out to scrutinize the gyrotactic bioconvection effects on modified second-grade nanofluid with motile microorganisms and Wu’s slip (second-order slip) features. The activation energy and thermal radiation are also incorporated. The suspended nanoparticles in a host fluid are practically utilized in numerous technological and industrial products such as metallic strips, energy enhancement, production processes, automobile engines, laptops, and accessories. Nanoparticles with high thermal characteristics and low volume fraction may improve the thermal performance of the base fluid. By employing the appropriate self-similar transformations, the governing set of partial differential equations (PDEs) are reduced into the ordinary differential equations (ODEs). A zero mass flux boundary condition is proposed for nanoparticle diffusion. Then, the transmuted set of ODEs is solved numerically with the help of the well-known shooting technique. The numerical and graphical illustrations are developed by using a collocation finite difference scheme and three-stage Lobatto III as the built-in function of the bvp4c solver via MATLAB. Behaviors of the different proficient physical parameters on the velocity field, temperature distribution, volumetric nanoparticles concentration profile, and the density of motile microorganism field are deliberated numerically as well as graphically. View Full-Text
Keywords: modified second-grade nanofluid; bioconvection; thermal radiation; activation energy; motile microorganisms; shooting technique modified second-grade nanofluid; bioconvection; thermal radiation; activation energy; motile microorganisms; shooting technique
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Li, Y.; Waqas, H.; Imran, M.; Farooq, U.; Mallawi, F.; Tlili, I. A Numerical Exploration of Modified Second-Grade Nanofluid with Motile Microorganisms, Thermal Radiation, and Wu’s Slip. Symmetry 2020, 12, 393. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12030393

AMA Style

Li Y, Waqas H, Imran M, Farooq U, Mallawi F, Tlili I. A Numerical Exploration of Modified Second-Grade Nanofluid with Motile Microorganisms, Thermal Radiation, and Wu’s Slip. Symmetry. 2020; 12(3):393. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12030393

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Yurong; Waqas, Hassan; Imran, Muhammad; Farooq, Umar; Mallawi, Fouad; Tlili, Iskander. 2020. "A Numerical Exploration of Modified Second-Grade Nanofluid with Motile Microorganisms, Thermal Radiation, and Wu’s Slip" Symmetry 12, no. 3: 393. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12030393

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop