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Open AccessArticle

The Immobilization of Oxindole Derivatives with Use of Cube Rhombellane Homeomorphs

Department of Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Kurpinskiego 5, 85-096 Bydgoszcz, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Symmetry 2019, 11(7), 900;
Received: 24 June 2019 / Revised: 5 July 2019 / Accepted: 8 July 2019 / Published: 10 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applied Designs in Chemical Structures with High Symmetry)
PDF [4143 KB, uploaded 12 July 2019]


A key aspect of modern drug research is the development of delivery methods that ensure the possibility of implementing targeted therapy for a specific biological target. The use of nanocarriers enables to achieve this objective, also allowing to reduce the toxicity of used substances and often extending their bioavailability. Through the application of docking methods, the possibility of using cube rhombellanes as potential carriers for two oxindole derivatives was analyzed. In the studies, compounds identified as inhibitors of the CDK2 enzyme and a set of nanostructures proposed by the Topo Cluj Group were used. The popular fullerene molecule C60 was used as the reference system. The estimated binding affinities and structures of obtained complexes show that use of functionalized cube rhombellanes containing hydrogen bond donors and acceptors in their external molecular shell significantly increases ligand affinity toward considered nanocariers, compared to classic fullerenes. The presented values also allow to state that an important factor determining the mutual affinity of the tested ligands and nanostructures is the symmetry of the analyzed nanocarriers and its influence on the distribution of binding groups (aromatic systems, donors and acceptors of hydrogen bonds) on the surface of nanoparticles. View Full-Text
Keywords: oxindole derivatives; docking; rhombellanes; fullerenes oxindole derivatives; docking; rhombellanes; fullerenes

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Czeleń, P.; Szefler, B. The Immobilization of Oxindole Derivatives with Use of Cube Rhombellane Homeomorphs. Symmetry 2019, 11, 900.

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