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Open AccessCommunication

Environment of Viewpoint Geosites: Evidence from the Western Caucasus

1
Department of Physical Geography, Ecology, and Nature Protection, Institute of Earth Sciences, Southern Federal University, Zorge Street 40, Rostov-on-Don 344090, Russia
2
Department of Economics and Management, Business School, Cherepovets State University, Sovetskiy Avenue 10, Cherepovets, Vologda Region 162600, Russia
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Department of Business in Hospitality Sphere, Higher School of Business, Southern Federal University, 23-ja linija Street 43, Rostov-on-Don 344019, Russia
4
K.G. Razumovsky Moscow State University of Technologies and Management (the First Cossack University), Zemlyanoy val 73, Moscow 109004, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 May 2019 / Revised: 10 June 2019 / Accepted: 12 June 2019 / Published: 13 June 2019
Viewpoint geological and geomorphological heritage sites (geosites and geomorphosites) offer panoramic views over unique geological features and landscapes dominated by significant features. The environmental context is of crucial importance for these sites. Three components of a viewpoint geosite environment are proposed: standpoint environment, transitional environment, and target environment. Each can be evaluated with a set of criteria such as presence of geological and geoheritage elements, presence and type of vegetation cover, anthropogenic intervention, and degree of fragmentation and contrast. Three examples of viewpoint geosites from the Western Caucasus are analyzed. It is shown that all three demonstrate differences between the noted components of viewpoint geosite environment. Moreover, the differences between these geosites result from their environmental differences and less from differences of their displayed geoheritage. Broad applications and further justifications of the environmental evaluation method of viewpoint geosites are recommended. View Full-Text
Keywords: anthropogenic influences; geological heritage; mountainous Adygeja; panoramic viewing; vegetation cover anthropogenic influences; geological heritage; mountainous Adygeja; panoramic viewing; vegetation cover
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mikhailenko, A.V.; Ruban, D.A. Environment of Viewpoint Geosites: Evidence from the Western Caucasus. Land 2019, 8, 93.

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