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Land 2018, 7(4), 147; https://doi.org/10.3390/land7040147

The Emergence of Landscape Urbanism: A Chronological Criticism Essay

School of Planning, Design, and Construction, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Received: 31 October 2018 / Revised: 16 November 2018 / Accepted: 16 November 2018 / Published: 27 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Landscape Urbanism and Green Infrastructure)
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Abstract

Scholars and practitioners have great interest in topics related to spatial patterns and the organization and properties of space. Landscape urbanism is one of these topics of interest. This essay, in the form of chronological criticism, presents a broad historical overview of the rise of landscape urbanism, primarily from a landscape architectural/geographical/ecological perspective, comparing the normative theories derived in the Western traditions embedded in urban design and architecture with the general values of landscape urbanism. In part, the essay employs the metaphors of Euclidean/Cartesian mathematics and fractal geometry to illustrate these differences. At the conclusion of the article, the reader should understand the historical context in which the planning and design community derived the emergence of landscape urbanism. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban design; landscape first; post-postmodernism; landscape history; urban ecology; plant ecology; context-sensitive design; landscape theory; urban geography urban design; landscape first; post-postmodernism; landscape history; urban ecology; plant ecology; context-sensitive design; landscape theory; urban geography
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Burley, J.B. The Emergence of Landscape Urbanism: A Chronological Criticism Essay. Land 2018, 7, 147.

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