Next Article in Journal
The Genetic Component of Seagrass Restoration: What We Know and the Way Forwards
Previous Article in Journal
A Stepwise GIS Approach for the Delineation of River Valley Bottom within Drainage Basins Using a Cost Distance Accumulation Analysis
Article

Effect of a Submerged Vane-Field on the Flow Pattern of a Movable Bed Channel with a 90° Lateral Diversion

1
Civil Engineering Research and Innovation for Sustainability (CERIS), Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, 1049-001 Lisbon, Portugal
2
Hydraulics and Environment Department, Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil (LNEC), 1700-066 Lisbon, Portugal
3
Civil Engineering Department, İzmir Katip Çelebi University, 33/2, İzmir 35620, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Bommanna Krishnappan
Water 2021, 13(6), 828; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060828
Received: 22 January 2021 / Revised: 2 March 2021 / Accepted: 14 March 2021 / Published: 18 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Hydraulics and Hydrodynamics)
This laboratory study focused on the effect of a submerged vane-field on the flow pattern and bed morphology near and inside the entrance reach of a movable bed 90° lateral diversion. The system was modelled under live bed conditions for a water discharge ratio of ≈0.2. Two experiments were run until bed equilibrium was reached: with and without a vane-field installed close to the diversion entrance to control the transfer of sediments into the diversion channel. The equilibrium bed morphology and the associated 3D flow field were measured in great detail. The bed load diverted into the diversion was reduced by approximately one quarter due to the action of the vane-field. The vanes prevented the formation of the diversion vortex in the main channel, upstream of the diversion’s entrance, thus contributing to that decrease. They also created a main channel vortex that started at the most upstream vanes and further decreased the amount of bed load entering the diversion. The flow separation zone inside the diversion was larger with vanes, but conveyance was balanced through a slightly deeper scour trench therein. The flow structures described were confirmed through the measurements of the turbulent kinetic energy. View Full-Text
Keywords: diversion; sediment transport; bed equilibrium; submerged vanes; three-dimentional flow; flow separation zone; deflection of flow; tip vortex diversion; sediment transport; bed equilibrium; submerged vanes; three-dimentional flow; flow separation zone; deflection of flow; tip vortex
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Baltazar, J.; Alves, E.; Bombar, G.; Cardoso, A.H. Effect of a Submerged Vane-Field on the Flow Pattern of a Movable Bed Channel with a 90° Lateral Diversion. Water 2021, 13, 828. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060828

AMA Style

Baltazar J, Alves E, Bombar G, Cardoso AH. Effect of a Submerged Vane-Field on the Flow Pattern of a Movable Bed Channel with a 90° Lateral Diversion. Water. 2021; 13(6):828. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060828

Chicago/Turabian Style

Baltazar, Joana; Alves, Elsa; Bombar, Gökçen; Cardoso, António H. 2021. "Effect of a Submerged Vane-Field on the Flow Pattern of a Movable Bed Channel with a 90° Lateral Diversion" Water 13, no. 6: 828. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060828

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop