Mechanisms of Flood-Induced Levee Breaching in Marumori Town during the 2019 Hagibis Typhoon
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Study Area
2.2. Data Collection
2.3. Numerical Flood Simulation Methodology
2.3.1. Rainfall-Runoff-Inundation (RRI) Model
2.3.2. Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code Plus (EFDC+) Model
2.4. Model Initial and Boundary Conditions
2.5. Numerical Model Setup
2.6. Model Validation
3. Results and Discussion
3.1. Field Survey Result
3.1.1. Field Survey Result of Flood Damage in Marumori Town
3.1.2. Field Survey Result of Levee Damages
3.2. Numerical Simulation of Flood Propagation in the Marumori Area
3.2.1. Numerical Simulation of the Floodwater Propagation Process
3.2.2. Levee Breaching Criterion
3.2.3. Summary of Levee Breaching Mechanisms in the Marumori Area
3.2.4. Effect of the Backwater Phenomenon
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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Tinh, N.X.; Tanaka, H.; Abe, G.; Okamoto, Y.; Pakoksung, K. Mechanisms of Flood-Induced Levee Breaching in Marumori Town during the 2019 Hagibis Typhoon. Water 2021, 13, 244. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13020244
Tinh NX, Tanaka H, Abe G, Okamoto Y, Pakoksung K. Mechanisms of Flood-Induced Levee Breaching in Marumori Town during the 2019 Hagibis Typhoon. Water. 2021; 13(2):244. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13020244Chicago/Turabian Style
Tinh, Nguyen Xuan, Hitoshi Tanaka, Gen Abe, Yuka Okamoto, and Kwanchai Pakoksung. 2021. "Mechanisms of Flood-Induced Levee Breaching in Marumori Town during the 2019 Hagibis Typhoon" Water 13, no. 2: 244. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13020244