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Article

Origin of Drusy Dolomite Cement in Permo-Triassic Dolostones, Northern United Arab Emirates

1
General Directorate of Scientific Research Center, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Erbil 44001, The Kurdistan Region, Iraq
2
School of the Environment, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON N9B 3P4, Canada
3
Department of Earth Sciences, Khalifa University, Abu Dhabi 51133, United Arab Emirates
4
URGA, s.r.o., Hydrogeologie, Geologie a Životní Prostředí, Sanace, 77200 Olomouc, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kristine Walraevens
Water 2021, 13(14), 1908; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141908
Received: 4 June 2021 / Revised: 2 July 2021 / Accepted: 6 July 2021 / Published: 9 July 2021
While the characteristics and origin of drusy calcite cement in carbonate deposits is well constrained in the literature, little attention is paid to drusy dolomite cement. Petrographic observations, stable isotopes, and fluid-inclusion microthermometry suggest that drusy dolomite cement in Permo-Triassic conglomerate/breccia dolostone beds in northern United Arab Emirates has precipitated as cement and not by dolomitization of drusy calcite cement. The low δ18OVPDB (−9.4‰ to −6.2‰) and high homogenization temperatures of fluid inclusions in drusy dolomite (Th = 73–233 °C) suggest that dolomitization was caused by hot basinal brines (salinity = 23.4 wt% NaCl eq.). The δ13CVPDB values (+0.18‰ to +1.6‰) and 87Sr/86Sr ratio (0.708106 to 0.708147) indicate that carbon and strontium were derived from the host marine Permo-Triassic carbonates. Following this dolomitization event, blocky calcite (Th = 148 °C; salinity = 20.8 wt% NaCl eq.) precipitated from the hot basinal brines. Unravelling the origin of drusy dolomite cement has important implications for accurate construction of paragenetic sequences in carbonate rocks and decipher the origin and chemistry of diagenetic waters in sedimentary basins. View Full-Text
Keywords: drusy dolomite; dolomitization; cementation; hot basinal fluids drusy dolomite; dolomitization; cementation; hot basinal fluids
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mansurbeg, H.; Alsuwaidi, M.; Dong, S.; Shahrokhi, S.; Morad, S. Origin of Drusy Dolomite Cement in Permo-Triassic Dolostones, Northern United Arab Emirates. Water 2021, 13, 1908. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141908

AMA Style

Mansurbeg H, Alsuwaidi M, Dong S, Shahrokhi S, Morad S. Origin of Drusy Dolomite Cement in Permo-Triassic Dolostones, Northern United Arab Emirates. Water. 2021; 13(14):1908. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141908

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mansurbeg, Howri, Mohammad Alsuwaidi, Shijun Dong, Salahadin Shahrokhi, and Sadoon Morad. 2021. "Origin of Drusy Dolomite Cement in Permo-Triassic Dolostones, Northern United Arab Emirates" Water 13, no. 14: 1908. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141908

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