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Open AccessArticle

Levee Breaching: A New Extension to the LISFLOOD-FP Model

School of Engineering and Architecture, University of Bologna, Civil, Chemical, Environmental, and Materials Engineering—DICAM, 40123 Bologna, Italy
School of Geographical Sciences, University of Bristol, Clifton BS8 1SS, Bristol, UK
GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Hydrology Section, 14473 Potsdam, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(4), 942;
Received: 18 February 2020 / Revised: 19 March 2020 / Accepted: 20 March 2020 / Published: 26 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Hydraulics)
Levee failures due to floods often cause considerable economic damage and life losses in inundated dike-protected areas, and significantly change flood hazard upstream and downstream the breach location during the event. We present a new extension for the LISFLOOD-FP hydrodynamic model which allows levee breaching along embankments in fully two-dimensional (2D) mode. Our extension allows for breach simulations in 2D structured grid hydrodynamic models at different scales and for different hydraulic loads in a computationally efficient manner. A series of tests performed on synthetic and historic events of different scale and magnitude show that the breaching module is numerically stable and reliable. We simulated breaches on synthetic terrain using unsteady flow as an upstream boundary condition and compared the outcomes with an identical setup of a full-momentum 2D solver. The synthetic tests showed that differences in the maximum flow through the breach between the two models were less than 1%, while for a small-scale flood event on the Secchia River (Italy), it was underestimated by 7% compared to a reference study. A large scale extreme event simulation on the Po River (Italy) resulted in 83% accuracy (critical success index). View Full-Text
Keywords: residual flood risk; levee breach; 2D inundation modelling; Po River; Secchia River residual flood risk; levee breach; 2D inundation modelling; Po River; Secchia River
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Shustikova, I.; Neal, J.C.; Domeneghetti, A.; Bates, P.D.; Vorogushyn, S.; Castellarin, A. Levee Breaching: A New Extension to the LISFLOOD-FP Model. Water 2020, 12, 942.

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