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Open AccessArticle

Utilizing the Internet of Things (IoT) to Develop a Remotely Monitored Autonomous Floodgate for Water Management and Control

1
Centre for Advanced Mechatroics and Robotics (CaMaRo), Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN), Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, Kajang 43000, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
2
Laboratory of Biocomposite Technology, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP), Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang 43400, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
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Department of Aerospace Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang 43400, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
4
Aerospace Malaysia Innovation Centre (944741-A), Prime Minister’s Department, MIGHT Partnership Hub, Jalan Impact, Cyberjaya 63000, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
5
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN), Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, Kajang 43000, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
6
Laboratory of Biopolymer and Derivatives, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP), Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang 43400, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(2), 502; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12020502
Received: 15 December 2019 / Revised: 8 January 2020 / Accepted: 10 January 2020 / Published: 12 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Urban Water Management)
In recent years, floods have increased in frequency and intensity, causing tremendous hardship. In badly affected regions, mostly the rural areas, Weir-type floodgates are the only measure against floods. However, these manually operated gates are numerous and scattered over vast areas. This makes flood mitigation efforts very challenging, which causes severe devastation. Current solutions to automate the floodgates are expensive, black-boxed, and focused on individual gates. In this paper, we present a Centralized Flood Monitoring and Coordination System developed through the Internet of Things (IoT) and other open-source technologies. For this work, we developed a working prototype of an autonomous floodgate that opens/closes according to the level of water. We also developed the required program to allow the gate controller to publish its data through the IoT gateway to the cloud. The data was then captured and viewed on a number of IoT clients, both for individuals and groups of floodgates, in real time. The developed system proved successful as the autonomous gates were monitored remotely through the established IoT framework, with room for future development and improvement. This paper serves as a proof of concept and a preparation for real, on-site implementation of the IoT-floodgates. View Full-Text
Keywords: Internet of Things (IoT); floodgates; watergates; flood management; open-source development; network-ready controllers; Raspberry Pi systems; open-source IoT clients Internet of Things (IoT); floodgates; watergates; flood management; open-source development; network-ready controllers; Raspberry Pi systems; open-source IoT clients
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Hussen Hajjaj, S.S.; Hameed Sultan, M.T.; Moktar, M.H.; Lee, S.H. Utilizing the Internet of Things (IoT) to Develop a Remotely Monitored Autonomous Floodgate for Water Management and Control. Water 2020, 12, 502.

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