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Article

Aquatic Angiosperm Transplantation: A Tool for Environmental Management and Restoring in Transitional Water Systems

1
Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali, Informatica e Statistica (DAIS), Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia, Via Torino 155, 30170 Mestre (Ve), Italy
2
Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale (ISPRA), Loc. Brondolo, 30015 Chioggia (Ve), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(10), 2135; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102135
Received: 16 July 2019 / Revised: 29 September 2019 / Accepted: 9 October 2019 / Published: 14 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecological Status Assessment of Transitional Waters)
Since the 1960s, the Venice Lagoon has suffered a sharp aquatic plant constriction due to eutrophication, pollution, and clam fishing. Those anthropogenic impacts began to decline during the 2010s, and since then the ecological status of the lagoon has improved, but in many choked areas no plant recolonization has been recorded due to the lack of seeds. The project funded by the European Union (LIFE12 NAT/IT/000331-SeResto) allowed to recolonize one of these areas, which is situated in the northern lagoon, by widespread transplantation of small sods and individual rhizomes. In-field activities were supported by fishermen, hunters, and sport associations; the interested surface measured approximately 36.6 km2. In the 35 stations of the chosen area, 24,261 rhizomes were transplanted during the first year, accounting for 693 rhizomes per station. About 37% of them took root in 31 stations forming several patches that joined together to form extensive meadows. Plant rooting was successful where the waters were clear and the trophic status low. But, near the outflows of freshwater rich in nutrients and suspended particulate matter, the action failed. Results demonstrate the effectiveness of small, widespread interventions and the importance of engaging the population in the recovery of the environment, which makes the action economically cheap and replicable in other similar environments. View Full-Text
Keywords: aquatic angiosperms; transitional waters; environmental restoration; ecological status; Venice Lagoon aquatic angiosperms; transitional waters; environmental restoration; ecological status; Venice Lagoon
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sfriso, A.; Buosi, A.; Tomio, Y.; Juhmani, A.-S.; Facca, C.; Sfriso, A.A.; Franzoi, P.; Scapin, L.; Bonometto, A.; Ponis, E.; Rampazzo, F.; Berto, D.; Gion, C.; Oselladore, F.; Cacciatore, F.; Boscolo Brusà, R. Aquatic Angiosperm Transplantation: A Tool for Environmental Management and Restoring in Transitional Water Systems. Water 2019, 11, 2135. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102135

AMA Style

Sfriso A, Buosi A, Tomio Y, Juhmani A-S, Facca C, Sfriso AA, Franzoi P, Scapin L, Bonometto A, Ponis E, Rampazzo F, Berto D, Gion C, Oselladore F, Cacciatore F, Boscolo Brusà R. Aquatic Angiosperm Transplantation: A Tool for Environmental Management and Restoring in Transitional Water Systems. Water. 2019; 11(10):2135. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102135

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sfriso, Adriano; Buosi, Alessandro; Tomio, Yari; Juhmani, Abdul-Salam; Facca, Chiara; Sfriso, Andrea A.; Franzoi, Piero; Scapin, Luca; Bonometto, Andrea; Ponis, Emanuele; Rampazzo, Federico; Berto, Daniela; Gion, Claudia; Oselladore, Federica; Cacciatore, Federica; Boscolo Brusà, Rossella. 2019. "Aquatic Angiosperm Transplantation: A Tool for Environmental Management and Restoring in Transitional Water Systems" Water 11, no. 10: 2135. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102135

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