Next Article in Journal
Quantification of Recharge and Runoff from Rainfall Using New GIS Tool: Example of the Gaza Strip Aquifer
Previous Article in Journal
3D Hydrodynamic Modelling Enhances the Design of Tendaho Dam Spillway, Ethiopia
Open AccessArticle

Modeling of Hydrodynamics and Dilution in Coastal Waters

Department of Civil Engineering, Gazi University, 06570 Ankara, Turkey
Water 2019, 11(1), 83; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11010083
Received: 13 December 2018 / Revised: 28 December 2018 / Accepted: 30 December 2018 / Published: 5 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Hydraulics)
  |  
PDF [7579 KB, uploaded 5 January 2019]
  |  

Abstract

Sea outfall systems are preferred to refinery systems because of the assimilation capacity of the sea as an economical choice. If sea outfall systems are chosen, the location of the sea outfall is critical for preventing the return of wastewater to the coastal zone and recovery back into an ecosystem. On the basis of the regulation of water pollution control, bacterial concentration needs to be below a certain value in the protected area. The primary effects on dilution are coastal currents generated by wind and transport of wastewater in closed or semi-closed coastal regions, as found in Turkey. Accurate predictions of wind and wave climates and currents are critical in sea outfall planning. In this study, the wind climate is determined from the data provided by the Edremit and Ayvalık Meteorological Stations and European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts operational archive at the coordinates of 39.50° N–26.90° E. Wind, wave, and current roses are prepared by HYDROTAM-3D. CORMIX was used for the near-field dilution, and HYDROTAM-3D, a three-dimensional hydrodynamic transport model, was used for the far-field dilution of the pollutant. The results of near-field and far-field dilution modeling show that the sea outfall of Edremit–Zeytinli meets the legal regulations. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrodynamic modeling; pollutant transport model; HYDROTAM-3D; CORMIX hydrodynamic modeling; pollutant transport model; HYDROTAM-3D; CORMIX
Figures

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Inan, A. Modeling of Hydrodynamics and Dilution in Coastal Waters. Water 2019, 11, 83.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top