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Open AccessArticle

Surface Water Dynamics in the North America Arctic Based on 2000–2016 Landsat Data

1
State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
2
School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
3
Faculty of Geomatics, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou 730070, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(7), 824; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10070824
Received: 8 April 2018 / Revised: 30 May 2018 / Accepted: 14 June 2018 / Published: 22 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrology and Hydrogeology)
At high latitudes, lake and river ecosystems are predominant and these ecosystems are undergoing significant changes due to climate change. Although many scientists have studied lakes and rivers in the Arctic region, the inland water dynamics in this region at the continental scale remain unknown. In this study, the dynamics of the Arctic water were analyzed at the continental scale using Landsat ortho-rectified surface reflectance products of fine spatial and temporal resolutions for the period of 2000–2016, using the random forests method. The results of this study produced the following revelations: (i) the water area is decreasing year by year in the long term; (ii) the water loss and gain always show the same dynamic pattern spatially and temporally; (iii) the spatial distribution of the water budget is strongly linked to permafrost, which implies that permafrost determines the distribution pattern of the water dynamics more than climatic factors; and (iv) the dynamics of the water show a certain rule with surface temperature, but the pattern of the dynamics cannot be explained by temperature alone. View Full-Text
Keywords: Arctic; surface water; dynamics; Landsat; climate change Arctic; surface water; dynamics; Landsat; climate change
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sui, Y.; Fu, D.; Wang, X.; Su, F. Surface Water Dynamics in the North America Arctic Based on 2000–2016 Landsat Data. Water 2018, 10, 824. https://doi.org/10.3390/w10070824

AMA Style

Sui Y, Fu D, Wang X, Su F. Surface Water Dynamics in the North America Arctic Based on 2000–2016 Landsat Data. Water. 2018; 10(7):824. https://doi.org/10.3390/w10070824

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sui, Yijie; Fu, Dongjie; Wang, Xuefeng; Su, Fenzhen. 2018. "Surface Water Dynamics in the North America Arctic Based on 2000–2016 Landsat Data" Water 10, no. 7: 824. https://doi.org/10.3390/w10070824

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