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Multiobjective Optimization Modeling Approach for Multipurpose Single Reservoir Operation

Centro de Investigaciones Hidráulicas (CIH), Havana University of Technologies “José Antonio Echeverría” (CUJAE), Calle 114, 11901/Ciclovía y Rotonda, Marianao, La Habana 11901, Cuba
Area of Hydraulic Engineering, Land and Cartographic Engineering Department, High Polytechnic School of Avila, University of Salamanca, Av. de los Hornos Caleros, 50, 05003 Ávila, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(4), 427;
Received: 2 March 2018 / Revised: 28 March 2018 / Accepted: 1 April 2018 / Published: 4 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management and Governance)
PDF [15832 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]


The water resources planning and management discipline recognizes the importance of a reservoir’s carryover storage. However, mathematical models for reservoir operation that include carryover storage are scarce. This paper presents a novel multiobjective optimization modeling framework that uses the constraint-ε method and genetic algorithms as optimization techniques for the operation of multipurpose simple reservoirs, including carryover storage. The carryover storage was conceived by modifying Kritsky and Menkel’s method for reservoir design at the operational stage. The main objective function minimizes the cost of the total annual water shortage for irrigation areas connected to a reservoir, while the secondary one maximizes its energy production. The model includes operational constraints for the reservoir, Kritsky and Menkel’s method, irrigation areas, and the hydropower plant. The study is applied to Carlos Manuel de Céspedes reservoir, establishing a 12-month planning horizon and an annual reliability of 75%. The results highly demonstrate the applicability of the model, obtaining monthly releases from the reservoir that include the carryover storage, degree of reservoir inflow regulation, water shortages in irrigation areas, and the energy generated by the hydroelectric plant. The main product is an operational graph that includes zones as well as rule and guide curves, which are used as triggers for long-term reservoir operation. View Full-Text
Keywords: multiobjective optimization; reservoir operation; operational scheme; guide curves; water planning and management multiobjective optimization; reservoir operation; operational scheme; guide curves; water planning and management

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Recio Villa, I.; Martínez Rodríguez, J.B.; Molina, J.-L.; Pino Tarragó, J.C. Multiobjective Optimization Modeling Approach for Multipurpose Single Reservoir Operation. Water 2018, 10, 427.

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