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Coexistence of Lightning Generated Whistlers, Hiss and Lower Hybrid Noise Observed by e-POP (SWARM-E)–RRI

1
Physics and Engineering Physics, University of Saskatchewan Canada, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5E2, Canada
2
Electrical Engineering, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, CO 80204, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2020, 11(2), 177; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11020177
Received: 31 December 2019 / Revised: 28 January 2020 / Accepted: 4 February 2020 / Published: 8 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electromagnetic Waves and Particles in Earth's Radiation Belt)
Whistler mode waves play a major role in regulating the lifetime of trapped electrons in the Earth’s radiation belts. Specifically, interaction with whistler mode hiss waves is one of the mechanisms that maintains the slot region between the inner and outer radiation belts. The generation mechanism of hiss is a topic still under debate with at least three prominent theories present in the literature. Lightning generated whistlers in their ducted or non-ducted modes are considered to be one of the possible sources of hiss. We present a study of new observations from the Radio Receiver Instrument (RRI) on the Enhanced Polar Outflow Probe (ePOP: also known as SWARM-E). RRI consists of two orthogonal dipole antennas, which enables polarization measurements, when the satellite boresight is parallel to the geomagnetic field. Here we present 105 ePOP - RRI events from 2014–2018, in which lightning whistlers(75) and hiss waves(39) were observed. In more than 50% of those whistler observations, hiss found to co-exist. Moreover, the whistler observations are correlated with observations of wave power at the lower-hybrid resonance. The observations and a whistler mode ray-tracing study suggest that multiple-hop lightning induced whistlers can be a source of hiss and plasma instabilities in the magnetosphere.
Keywords: lightning whistlers; hiss; e-POP; raytracing; radio-receiver; lower hybrid resonance lightning whistlers; hiss; e-POP; raytracing; radio-receiver; lower hybrid resonance
MDPI and ACS Style

Maxworth, A.; Hussey, G.; Gołkowski, M. Coexistence of Lightning Generated Whistlers, Hiss and Lower Hybrid Noise Observed by e-POP (SWARM-E)–RRI. Atmosphere 2020, 11, 177.

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