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Article

On the Origin of Tetraploid Vernal Grasses (Anthoxanthum) in Europe

1
Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany, CZ-242 53 Průhonice, Czech Republic
2
Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Benátská 2, CZ-128 00 Prague, Czech Republic
3
CEITEC, Masaryk University, CZ-625 00 Brno, Czech Republic
4
Department of Experimental Biology, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, CZ-625 00 Brno, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jeffrey P. Mower
Genes 2021, 12(7), 966; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes12070966
Received: 14 May 2021 / Revised: 19 June 2021 / Accepted: 23 June 2021 / Published: 24 June 2021
Polyploidy has played a crucial role in the evolution of many plant taxa, namely in higher latitudinal zones. Surprisingly, after several decades of an intensive research on polyploids, there are still common polyploid species whose evolutionary history is virtually unknown. Here, we addressed the origin of sweet vernal grass (Anthoxanthum odoratum) using flow cytometry, DNA sequencing, and in situ hybridization-based cytogenetic techniques. An allotetraploid and polytopic origin of the species has been verified. The chromosome study reveals an extensive variation between the European populations. In contrast, an autopolyploid origin of the rarer tetraploid vernal grass species, A. alpinum, has been corroborated. Diploid A. alpinum played an essential role in the polyploidization of both European tetraploids studied. View Full-Text
Keywords: FISH; flow cytometry; GBSSI; genome size; GISH; Poaceae; polyploidy FISH; flow cytometry; GBSSI; genome size; GISH; Poaceae; polyploidy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chumová, Z.; Mandáková, T.; Trávníček, P. On the Origin of Tetraploid Vernal Grasses (Anthoxanthum) in Europe. Genes 2021, 12, 966. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes12070966

AMA Style

Chumová Z, Mandáková T, Trávníček P. On the Origin of Tetraploid Vernal Grasses (Anthoxanthum) in Europe. Genes. 2021; 12(7):966. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes12070966

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chumová, Zuzana, Terezie Mandáková, and Pavel Trávníček. 2021. "On the Origin of Tetraploid Vernal Grasses (Anthoxanthum) in Europe" Genes 12, no. 7: 966. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes12070966

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