Single-celled eukaryote genomes predominantly replicate through multiple origins. Although origin usage during the S-phase has been elucidated in some of these organisms, few studies have comparatively approached this dynamic. Here, we developed a user-friendly website able to calculate the length of the cell cycle phases for any organism. Next, using a formula developed by our group, we showed a comparative analysis among the minimum number of replication origins (MO) required to duplicate an entire chromosome within the S-phase duration in trypanosomatids (Trypanosoma cruzi
, Leishmania major
, and Trypanosoma brucei
) and yeasts (Saccharomyces cerevisiae
and Schizosaccharomyces pombe
). Using the data obtained by our analysis, it was possible to predict the MO required in a situation of replication stress. Also, our findings allow establishing a threshold for the number of origins, which serves as a parameter for genome approaches that map origins. Moreover, our data suggest that when compared to yeasts, trypanosomatids use much more origins than the minimum needed. This is the first time a comparative analysis of the minimum number of origins has been successfully applied. These data may provide new insight into the understanding of the replication mechanism and a new methodological framework for studying single-celled eukaryote genomes.
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