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Food and Non-Food-Related Behavior across Settings in Children with Prader–Willi Syndrome

RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
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Genes 2020, 11(2), 204; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11020204
Received: 7 December 2019 / Revised: 7 February 2020 / Accepted: 13 February 2020 / Published: 17 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genetics of Prader-Willi syndrome)
This study sought to describe food- and non-food-related behaviors of children aged 3 to 18 years with Prader–Willi syndrome (PWS) in home and school settings, as assessed by 86 parents and 63 teachers using 7 subscales of the Global Assessment of Individual’s Behavior (GAIB). General Behavior Problem, Non-Food-Related Behavior Problem, and Non-Food-Related Obsessive Speech and Compulsive Behavior (OS/CB) scores did not differ significantly between parent and teacher reports. Food-Related Behavior Problem scores were higher in parent versus teacher reports when the mother had less than a college education (difference of 13.6 points, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 5.1 to 22). Parents assigned higher Food-Related OS/CB scores than teachers (difference of 5.7 points, 95% CI 2.4 to 9.0). Although teachers reported fewer Food-Related OS/CB, they scored overall OS/CB higher for interfering with daily activities compared with parents (difference of 0.9 points, 95% CI 0.4 to 1.4). Understanding how behaviors manifest in home and school settings, and how they vary with socio-demographic and patient characteristics can help inform strategies to reduce behavior problems and improve outcomes. View Full-Text
Keywords: Prader–Willi syndrome; food-related behavior; childhood Prader–Willi syndrome; food-related behavior; childhood
MDPI and ACS Style

Gantz, M.G.; Andrews, S.M.; Wheeler, A.C. Food and Non-Food-Related Behavior across Settings in Children with Prader–Willi Syndrome. Genes 2020, 11, 204.

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