Yeast as a Tool for Deeper Understanding of Human Manganese-Related Diseases
AbstractThe biological importance of manganese lies in its function as a key cofactor for numerous metalloenzymes and as non-enzymatic antioxidant. Due to these two essential roles, it appears evident that disturbed manganese homeostasis may trigger the development of pathologies in humans. In this context, yeast has been extensively used over the last decades to gain insight into how cells regulate intra-organellar manganese concentrations and how human pathologies may be related to disturbed cellular manganese homeostasis. This review first summarizes how manganese homeostasis is controlled in yeast cells and how this knowledge can be extrapolated to human cells. Several manganese-related pathologies whose molecular mechanisms have been studied in yeast are then presented in the light of the function of this cation as a non-enzymatic antioxidant or as a key cofactor of metalloenzymes. In this line, we first describe the Transmembrane protein 165-Congenital Disorder of Glycosylation (TMEM165-CDG) and Friedreich ataxia pathologies. Then, due to the established connection between manganese cations and neurodegeneration, the Kufor–Rakeb syndrome and prion-related diseases are finally presented. View Full-Text
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Thines, L.; Deschamps, A.; Stribny, J.; Morsomme, P. Yeast as a Tool for Deeper Understanding of Human Manganese-Related Diseases. Genes 2019, 10, 545.
Thines L, Deschamps A, Stribny J, Morsomme P. Yeast as a Tool for Deeper Understanding of Human Manganese-Related Diseases. Genes. 2019; 10(7):545.Chicago/Turabian Style
Thines, Louise; Deschamps, Antoine; Stribny, Jiri; Morsomme, Pierre. 2019. "Yeast as a Tool for Deeper Understanding of Human Manganese-Related Diseases." Genes 10, no. 7: 545.
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