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Agronomy 2018, 8(4), 36; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy8040036

Genome-Wide Identification of Insertion and Deletion Markers in Chinese Commercial Rice Cultivars, Based on Next-Generation Sequencing Data

1
TheragenEtex Bio Institute, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do 16229, Korea
2
National Institute of Crop Science, RDA, Iksan 570-080, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 November 2017 / Revised: 12 March 2018 / Accepted: 26 March 2018 / Published: 27 March 2018
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Abstract

Rice, being a staple food crop for over one-third of the world’s population, has become a potential target for many dishonest traders and stakeholders for mixing with low-grade, low-cost grains/products and poorly nutritious adulterants to make a profit with the least effort. Single-nucleotide and insertion–deletion (InDel) polymorphisms have been widely used as DNA markers, not only in plant breeding but also to identify various traits in rice. Recently, next-generation sequencing (NGS) has produced sequences that allow for genome-wide detection of these molecular markers. These polymorphisms can potentially be used to develop high-accuracy polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based markers. PCR-based techniques are rapid and successful methods to deal with the problem of adulteration at a commercial level. Here, we report the genome-wide analysis of InDel markers of 17 commercially available Chinese cultivars. In order to achieve accurate results, all samples were sequenced at approximately 30× genome coverage using Illumina HiSeq 2500™ system. An average of 10.6 GB clean reads per sample was produced and ~96.3% of the reads could be mapped to the rice genome reference IRGSP 1.0. After a series of filtering, we selected five InDel markers for PCR validation. The results revealed that these InDel markers can be used for authentication of Korean elite cultivars from the adulterants. View Full-Text
Keywords: rice; Chinese cultivars; insertion–deletion (InDel); DNA marker; next-generation sequencing; validation rice; Chinese cultivars; insertion–deletion (InDel); DNA marker; next-generation sequencing; validation
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Markkandan, K.; Yoo, S.-I.; Cho, Y.-C.; Lee, D.W. Genome-Wide Identification of Insertion and Deletion Markers in Chinese Commercial Rice Cultivars, Based on Next-Generation Sequencing Data. Agronomy 2018, 8, 36.

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