Next Article in Journal
Corm Rot of Saffron: Epidemiology and Management
Next Article in Special Issue
The Effect of Gaseous Ozone Generated by Surface Dielectric Barrier Discharge on the Decay and Quality of Stored Onion Bulbs
Previous Article in Journal
Simulating Agronomic Adaptation Strategies to Mitigate the Impacts of Climate Change on Wheat Yield in South-Eastern Australia
Article

Effect of H2O-Based Low-Pressure Plasma (LPP) Treatment on the Germination of Bambara Groundnut Seeds

1
Institute of Microengineering and Nanoelectronics (IMEN), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKM, Bangi 43600, Selangor, Malaysia
2
Crops for Future, Jln Broga, Semenyih 43500, Selangor, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Koichi Takaki, Nobuya Hayashi and Douyan Wang
Agronomy 2021, 11(2), 338; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11020338
Received: 10 January 2021 / Revised: 7 February 2021 / Accepted: 9 February 2021 / Published: 14 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applied High-Voltage Plasma Technologies in Agricultural Industry)
In general, seed germination is improved by low-pressure plasma (LPP) treatment using precursors such as air, nitrogen, argon, or water (H2O). Here, H2O-based LPP treatment using the optimized parameters of 10 W and 10 s improves the germination of Bambara groundnut seeds by 22%. LPP increases the wettability and roughness of the seed hilum while oxidizing the surface with carboxyl and amine groups. In this H2O-based treatment of Bambara groundnut seeds, combinatory etching and chemical modification facilitated the imbibition process and increased the germination percentage. The success of this method has the potential to be scaled up to solve food security with seeds otherwise facing germination-related issues. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bambara groundnut; germination; low-pressure plasma (LPP); plasma treatment; wettability Bambara groundnut; germination; low-pressure plasma (LPP); plasma treatment; wettability
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Ahmed, N.; Masood, A.; Siow, K.S.; Wee, M.F.M.R.; Auliya, R.Z.; Ho, W.K. Effect of H2O-Based Low-Pressure Plasma (LPP) Treatment on the Germination of Bambara Groundnut Seeds. Agronomy 2021, 11, 338. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11020338

AMA Style

Ahmed N, Masood A, Siow KS, Wee MFMR, Auliya RZ, Ho WK. Effect of H2O-Based Low-Pressure Plasma (LPP) Treatment on the Germination of Bambara Groundnut Seeds. Agronomy. 2021; 11(2):338. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11020338

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ahmed, Naeem, Asad Masood, Kim S. Siow, M. F.M.R. Wee, Rahmat Z. Auliya, and Wai K. Ho. 2021. "Effect of H2O-Based Low-Pressure Plasma (LPP) Treatment on the Germination of Bambara Groundnut Seeds" Agronomy 11, no. 2: 338. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11020338

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop