Next Article in Journal
QTL Mapping for Resistance to Early Blight in a Tetraploid Potato Population
Previous Article in Journal
Nutrient Accumulation and Distribution Assessment in Response to Potassium Application under Maize–Soybean Intercropping System
Article

Intensification of Sorghum Production in Flood Recession Agriculture in Yelimane, Western Mali

1
Institute of Rural Economy (IER), Regional Center of Agronomic Research of Sotuba/Soil-Plant-Water Laboratory, Bamako BP262, Mali
2
Institute of Rural Economy (IER), Regional Center of Agronomic Research of Gao Program of Natural Resources Management, Gao BP258, Mali
3
Noragric Department of International Environment and Development Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, P.O. Box 5003, N-1432 Ås, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2020, 10(5), 726; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10050726
Received: 15 April 2020 / Revised: 13 May 2020 / Accepted: 15 May 2020 / Published: 19 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Horticultural and Floricultural Crops)
Flood recession farming is as an important supplement to rainfed agriculture in West Africa. Every year, large areas are flooded along riverbanks and temporary lakes. When water recedes from the flooded areas, farmers plant crops. This study describes the flood recession farming in the Yelimane district of Kayes region in Mali and assesses different ways to intensify the system. The use of external inputs in this system is minimal. Field experiments were undertaken over two years to test crop establishment methods, soil tillage, increasing plant density, use of organic and mineral fertilizer, and improved varieties. These technologies increased sorghum yield as compared to the control in the following descending order: Seed priming + fertilizer (77.1%), NPK + organic fertilizer (74%), seedling transplantation + micro fertilization (61.3%), improved varieties (49%), mounding (34%), and urea application (24.9%). The technology seed priming in combination with mineral fertilizers was promising because of the high yield and the low labor demand. Nitrogen fertilizer is needed in flood recession agriculture as the soils and the deposited sediments are low in nitrogen. Farmers’ choice of technology will depend on the yield level, net return per hectare, labor use, and access to inputs. View Full-Text
Keywords: farm characteristics; sediments; tillage; crop establishment; nitrogen; microdosing; seed priming; planting density; varieties farm characteristics; sediments; tillage; crop establishment; nitrogen; microdosing; seed priming; planting density; varieties
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Traore, K.; Traore, B.; Synnevåg, G.; Aune, J.B. Intensification of Sorghum Production in Flood Recession Agriculture in Yelimane, Western Mali. Agronomy 2020, 10, 726. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10050726

AMA Style

Traore K, Traore B, Synnevåg G, Aune JB. Intensification of Sorghum Production in Flood Recession Agriculture in Yelimane, Western Mali. Agronomy. 2020; 10(5):726. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10050726

Chicago/Turabian Style

Traore, Kalifa, Bouya Traore, Gry Synnevåg, and Jens B. Aune. 2020. "Intensification of Sorghum Production in Flood Recession Agriculture in Yelimane, Western Mali" Agronomy 10, no. 5: 726. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10050726

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop