The main objective of this work is to study the effect of hydroxylamine sulfate or stabilizer states (solid vs liquid) on the storage hardening of natural rubber (NR). Several types of natural rubber samples were prepared: unstabilized NR samples and stabilized NR samples: (i) dry NR with 0.2 and 2.0 parts per hundred rubber (phr) of dry hydroxylamine sulfate, and (ii) natural latex with 0.2 and 2.0 phr of liquid hydroxylamine sulfate. The samples were characterized immediately (time 0) and after 12 weeks of storage at room temperature, respectively. We found that the Mooney viscosity, gel content, and Wallace plasticity of NR without a stabilizer increases with storage hardening for 12 weeks. However, two types of stabilized NR samples represent constant values of those three parameters, because hydroxylamine sulfate inhibits network and gel formation in NR. Interestingly, the mixing states (solid vs liquid) between natural rubber and the stabilizer affect the properties of stabilized NR. This could be explained by the better dispersion and homogeneous nature of liquid stabilizers in natural latex (liquid state), and thus the higher loading of the stabilizer in the liquid state. This is important, as the stabilization of NR properties as a function of time is required by rubber industry. This study is a utilization model from theory to application.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited