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A General Overview of Support Materials for Enzyme Immobilization: Characteristics, Properties, Practical Utility

1
Institute of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Technology, Poznan University of Technology, Berdychowo 4, PL-60965 Poznan, Poland
2
Center for BioProcess Engineering, Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Søltofts Plads 229, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2018, 8(2), 92; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal8020092
Received: 19 January 2018 / Revised: 12 February 2018 / Accepted: 21 February 2018 / Published: 24 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Immobilized Biocatalysts)
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Abstract

In recent years, enzyme immobilization has been presented as a powerful tool for the improvement of enzyme properties such as stability and reusability. However, the type of support material used plays a crucial role in the immobilization process due to the strong effect of these materials on the properties of the produced catalytic system. A large variety of inorganic and organic as well as hybrid and composite materials may be used as stable and efficient supports for biocatalysts. This review provides a general overview of the characteristics and properties of the materials applied for enzyme immobilization. For the purposes of this literature study, support materials are divided into two main groups, called Classic and New materials. The review will be useful in selection of appropriate support materials with tailored properties for the production of highly effective biocatalytic systems for use in various processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: enzymes; enzyme immobilization; inorganic and organic supports; hybrid materials; biocatalysts and bioprocesses enzymes; enzyme immobilization; inorganic and organic supports; hybrid materials; biocatalysts and bioprocesses
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Zdarta, J.; Meyer, A.S.; Jesionowski, T.; Pinelo, M. A General Overview of Support Materials for Enzyme Immobilization: Characteristics, Properties, Practical Utility. Catalysts 2018, 8, 92.

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