Next Article in Journal
Optimal Preoperative Multidisciplinary Treatment in Borderline Resectable Pancreatic Cancer
Next Article in Special Issue
Genome Scale Modeling to Study the Metabolic Competition between Cells in the Tumor Microenvironment
Previous Article in Journal
Head and Neck Cancer Treatment during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Central Experience in Rome. Emergency Management, Infection Prevention and Control
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Topic Modeling Analysis of TCGA Breast and Lung Cancer Transcriptomic Data
Review

Metabolic Reprogramming of Fibroblasts as Therapeutic Target in Rheumatoid Arthritis and Cancer: Deciphering Key Mechanisms Using Computational Systems Biology Approaches

by 1,2,†, 1,† and 1,2,*
1
GenHotel, University of Evry, University of Paris-Saclay, Genopole, 91000 Evry, France
2
Lifeware Group, Inria Saclay, 91120 Palaiseau, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this paper.
Cancers 2021, 13(1), 35; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13010035
Received: 31 October 2020 / Revised: 12 December 2020 / Accepted: 17 December 2020 / Published: 24 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cancer Modeling and Network Biology)
Fibroblasts are critical regulators of several physiological processes linked to extracellular matrix regulation. Under certain conditions, fibroblasts can also transform into more aggressive phenotypes and contribute to disease pathophysiology. In this review, we highlight metabolic reprogramming as a critical event toward the transition of fibroblasts from quiescent to activated and aggressive cells, in rheumatoid arthritis and cancer. We draw obvious parallels and discuss how systems biology approaches and computational modeling could be employed to highlight targets of metabolic reprogramming and support the discovery of new lines of therapy.
Fibroblasts, the most abundant cells in the connective tissue, are key modulators of the extracellular matrix (ECM) composition. These spindle-shaped cells are capable of synthesizing various extracellular matrix proteins and collagen. They also provide the structural framework (stroma) for tissues and play a pivotal role in the wound healing process. While they are maintainers of the ECM turnover and regulate several physiological processes, they can also undergo transformations responding to certain stimuli and display aggressive phenotypes that contribute to disease pathophysiology. In this review, we focus on the metabolic pathways of glucose and highlight metabolic reprogramming as a critical event that contributes to the transition of fibroblasts from quiescent to activated and aggressive cells. We also cover the emerging evidence that allows us to draw parallels between fibroblasts in autoimmune disorders and more specifically in rheumatoid arthritis and cancer. We link the metabolic changes of fibroblasts to the toxic environment created by the disease condition and discuss how targeting of metabolic reprogramming could be employed in the treatment of such diseases. Lastly, we discuss Systems Biology approaches, and more specifically, computational modeling, as a means to elucidate pathogenetic mechanisms and accelerate the identification of novel therapeutic targets. View Full-Text
Keywords: fibroblasts; rheumatoid arthritis; cancer; metabolic reprogramming; glycolytic switch; systems biology; computational modeling fibroblasts; rheumatoid arthritis; cancer; metabolic reprogramming; glycolytic switch; systems biology; computational modeling
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Aghakhani, S.; Zerrouk, N.; Niarakis, A. Metabolic Reprogramming of Fibroblasts as Therapeutic Target in Rheumatoid Arthritis and Cancer: Deciphering Key Mechanisms Using Computational Systems Biology Approaches. Cancers 2021, 13, 35. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13010035

AMA Style

Aghakhani S, Zerrouk N, Niarakis A. Metabolic Reprogramming of Fibroblasts as Therapeutic Target in Rheumatoid Arthritis and Cancer: Deciphering Key Mechanisms Using Computational Systems Biology Approaches. Cancers. 2021; 13(1):35. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13010035

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aghakhani, Sahar, Naouel Zerrouk, and Anna Niarakis. 2021. "Metabolic Reprogramming of Fibroblasts as Therapeutic Target in Rheumatoid Arthritis and Cancer: Deciphering Key Mechanisms Using Computational Systems Biology Approaches" Cancers 13, no. 1: 35. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13010035

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop