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Open AccessArticle

The Fabrication of [email protected] Core/Shell Nanoparticles by Laser Ablation in Solutions and Their Enhancements to a Gas Sensor

by , and *
Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Anhui Key Laboratory of Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology, Institute of Solid State Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Micromachines 2018, 9(6), 278; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi9060278
Received: 16 March 2018 / Revised: 29 May 2018 / Accepted: 29 May 2018 / Published: 1 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanostructure Based Sensors for Gas Sensing: from Devices to Systems)
A convenient and flexible route is presented to fabricate gold noble metal nanoparticles wrapped with a controllable ultrathin carbon layer ([email protected]) in one step based on laser ablation of the noble metal targets in toluene-ethanol mixed solutions. The obtained metal nanoparticles were <20 nm in size after ablation, and the thickness of the wrapped ultrathin carbon layer was 2 nm in a typical reaction. The size of the inner noble metal nanoparticles could be controlled by adjusting the power of laser ablation, and the thickness of the ultrathin carbon layer can be controlled from 0.6 to 2 nm by laser ablation in different components of organic solution. Then the resultant [email protected] core/shell nanoparticles were modified on the surface of In2O3 films through a sol-gel technique, and the hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas-sensing characteristics of the products were examined. Compared to pure and Au-modified In2O3, the [email protected] In2O3 materials exhibited a revertible and reproducible performance with good sensitivity and very low response times (few seconds) for H2S gas with a concentrations of 1 to 5 ppm at room temperature. Evidence proved that the ultrathin carbon layer played an important role in the improved H2S sensor performance. Other noble metals wrapped by the homogeneous carbon shell, such as [email protected], could also be prepared with this method. View Full-Text
Keywords: laser ablation; core/shell nanostructure; ultrathin carbon layer; gas sensing laser ablation; core/shell nanostructure; ultrathin carbon layer; gas sensing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, X.; Gao, L.; Duan, G. The Fabrication of [email protected] Core/Shell Nanoparticles by Laser Ablation in Solutions and Their Enhancements to a Gas Sensor. Micromachines 2018, 9, 278. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi9060278

AMA Style

Xu X, Gao L, Duan G. The Fabrication of [email protected] Core/Shell Nanoparticles by Laser Ablation in Solutions and Their Enhancements to a Gas Sensor. Micromachines. 2018; 9(6):278. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi9060278

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xu, Xiaoxia; Gao, Lei; Duan, Guotao. 2018. "The Fabrication of [email protected] Core/Shell Nanoparticles by Laser Ablation in Solutions and Their Enhancements to a Gas Sensor" Micromachines 9, no. 6: 278. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi9060278

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