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Geometry Design, Principles and Assembly of Micromotors

Department of Materials Science, Fudan University, 220 Handan Road, 200433 Shanghai, China
Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, 5 Ole Maaløes Vej, DK-2200, 1165 København, Denmark
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Micromachines 2018, 9(2), 75;
Received: 18 January 2018 / Revised: 6 February 2018 / Accepted: 7 February 2018 / Published: 11 February 2018
PDF [10324 KB, uploaded 11 February 2018]


Discovery of bio-inspired, self-propelled and externally-powered nano-/micro-motors, rotors and engines (micromachines) is considered a potentially revolutionary paradigm in nanoscience. Nature knows how to combine different elements together in a fluidic state for intelligent design of nano-/micro-machines, which operate by pumping, stirring, and diffusion of their internal components. Taking inspirations from nature, scientists endeavor to develop the best materials, geometries, and conditions for self-propelled motion, and to better understand their mechanisms of motion and interactions. Today, microfluidic technology offers considerable advantages for the next generation of biomimetic particles, droplets and capsules. This review summarizes recent achievements in the field of nano-/micromotors, and methods of their external control and collective behaviors, which may stimulate new ideas for a broad range of applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: micromotor; microengine; micropump; catalyst; complex; self-assembly; fluidic; collective; sub-system; chemoton micromotor; microengine; micropump; catalyst; complex; self-assembly; fluidic; collective; sub-system; chemoton

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ning, H.; Zhang, Y.; Zhu, H.; Ingham, A.; Huang, G.; Mei, Y.; Solovev, A.A. Geometry Design, Principles and Assembly of Micromotors. Micromachines 2018, 9, 75.

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