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Review

Recent Advances in Microfluidic Devices for Contamination Detection and Quality Inspection of Milk

1
Division of Nephrology, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Kaohsiung 833, Taiwan
2
Department of Emergency Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Kaohsiung 833, Taiwan
3
Department of Engineering Science, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this paper.
Academic Editor: Xiujun Li
Micromachines 2021, 12(5), 558; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi12050558
Received: 16 April 2021 / Revised: 5 May 2021 / Accepted: 11 May 2021 / Published: 14 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microfluidic-Based Approaches for Detection in Water and Food Samples)
Milk is a necessity for human life. However, it is susceptible to contamination and adulteration. Microfluidic analysis devices have attracted significant attention for the high-throughput quality inspection and contaminant analysis of milk samples in recent years. This review describes the major proposals presented in the literature for the pretreatment, contaminant detection, and quality inspection of milk samples using microfluidic lab-on-a-chip and lab-on-paper platforms in the past five years. The review focuses on the sample separation, sample extraction, and sample preconcentration/amplification steps of the pretreatment process and the determination of aflatoxins, antibiotics, drugs, melamine, and foodborne pathogens in the detection process. Recent proposals for the general quality inspection of milk samples, including the viscosity and presence of adulteration, are also discussed. The review concludes with a brief perspective on the challenges facing the future development of microfluidic devices for the analysis of milk samples in the coming years. View Full-Text
Keywords: microfluidic; lab-on-a-chip; lab-on-paper; milk; contamination microfluidic; lab-on-a-chip; lab-on-paper; milk; contamination
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ng, H.-Y.; Lee, W.-C.; Kung, C.-T.; Li, L.-C.; Lee, C.-T.; Fu, L.-M. Recent Advances in Microfluidic Devices for Contamination Detection and Quality Inspection of Milk. Micromachines 2021, 12, 558. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi12050558

AMA Style

Ng H-Y, Lee W-C, Kung C-T, Li L-C, Lee C-T, Fu L-M. Recent Advances in Microfluidic Devices for Contamination Detection and Quality Inspection of Milk. Micromachines. 2021; 12(5):558. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi12050558

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ng, Hwee-Yeong, Wen-Chin Lee, Chia-Te Kung, Lung-Chih Li, Chien-Te Lee, and Lung-Ming Fu. 2021. "Recent Advances in Microfluidic Devices for Contamination Detection and Quality Inspection of Milk" Micromachines 12, no. 5: 558. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi12050558

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