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Current Status of Legislation on Dietary Products for Sportspeople in a European Framework

Nursing Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
Research Group on Food and Nutrition (ALINUT), University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
Evidence-Based Nutrition Network (RED-NuBE), Spanish Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (AEND), 31006 Navarra, Spain
Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Barcelona, 08007 Barcelona, Spain
Department of Community Nursing, Preventive Medicine and Public Health and History of Science Health, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
Quality, Safety, and Bioactivity of Plant Foods Group, Department of Food Science and Technology, CEBAS-CSIC, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2017, 9(11), 1225;
Received: 14 September 2017 / Revised: 3 November 2017 / Accepted: 5 November 2017 / Published: 8 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Supplements)
The consumption of nutritional ergogenic aids is conditioned by laws/regulations, but standards/regulations vary between countries. The aim of this review is to explore legislative documents that regulate the use of nutritional ergogenic aids intended for sportspeople in a Spanish/European framework. A narrative review has been developed from official websites of Spanish (Spanish Agency of the Consumer, Food Safety, and Nutrition) and European (European Commission and European Food Safety Authority) bodies. A descriptive analysis of documents was performed. Eighteen legislative documents have been compiled in three sections: (1) Advertising of any type of food and/or product; (2) Composition, labeling, and advertising of foods; (3) Nutritional ergogenic aids. In spite of the existence of these legal documents, the regulation lacks guidance on the use/application of nutritional ergogenic aids for sportspeople. It is essential to prevent the introduction or dissemination of false, ambiguous, or inexact information and contents that induce an error in the receivers of the information. In this field, it is worth highlighting the roles of the European Food Safety Authority and the World Anti-Doping Agency, which provide information about consumer guidelines, prescribing practices, and recommendations for the prudent use of nutritional ergogenic aids. View Full-Text
Keywords: food legislation; health claims; nutritional ergogenic aids food legislation; health claims; nutritional ergogenic aids
MDPI and ACS Style

Martínez-Sanz, J.M.; Sospedra, I.; Baladía, E.; Arranz, L.; Ortiz-Moncada, R.; Gil-Izquierdo, A. Current Status of Legislation on Dietary Products for Sportspeople in a European Framework. Nutrients 2017, 9, 1225.

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