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Lactose Intolerance in Adults: Biological Mechanism and Dietary Management
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Diagnosing and Treating Intolerance to Carbohydrates in Children

1
Department of Translational Medical Science, University of Naples “Federico II”, 80131 Naples, Italy
2
European Laboratory for the Investigation of Food Induced Diseases, University of Naples “Federico II”, 80131 Naples, Italy
3
CEINGE Advanced Biotechnologies, University of Naples “Federico II”, 80131 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2016, 8(3), 157; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8030157
Received: 27 October 2015 / Revised: 22 February 2016 / Accepted: 25 February 2016 / Published: 10 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lactose Intolerance: Biology, Genetics and Dietary Management)
Intolerance to carbohydrates is relatively common in childhood, but still poorly recognized and managed. Over recent years it has come to the forefront because of progresses in our knowledge on the mechanisms and treatment of these conditions. Children with intolerance to carbohydrates often present with unexplained signs and symptoms. Here, we examine the most up-to-date research on these intolerances, discuss controversies relating to the diagnostic approach, including the role of molecular analysis, and provide new insights into modern management in the pediatric age, including the most recent evidence for correct dietary treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: lactose intolerance; fructose malabsorption; sucrase-isomaltase deficiency; glucose-galactose malabsorption; sorbitol intolerance; trehalose intolerance; FODMAPs intolerance; breath test; molecular analysis lactose intolerance; fructose malabsorption; sucrase-isomaltase deficiency; glucose-galactose malabsorption; sorbitol intolerance; trehalose intolerance; FODMAPs intolerance; breath test; molecular analysis
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Berni Canani, R.; Pezzella, V.; Amoroso, A.; Cozzolino, T.; Di Scala, C.; Passariello, A. Diagnosing and Treating Intolerance to Carbohydrates in Children. Nutrients 2016, 8, 157.

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