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Article

Dietary Habits of a Group of Children with Crohn’s Disease Compared to Healthy Subjects: Assessment of Risk of Nutritional Deficiencies through a Bromatological Analysis

1
Pediatric Gastroenterology Unit, Maggiore Hospital, Largo Bartolo Nigrisoli, 2, 40133 Bologna, Italy
2
Specialty School of Pediatrics—Alma Mater Studiorum, Università di Bologna, 40138 Bologna, Italy
3
Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences, University of Bologna, Via Selmi 3, 40126 Bologna, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Licia Pensabene
Nutrients 2022, 14(3), 499; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14030499
Received: 3 January 2022 / Revised: 19 January 2022 / Accepted: 21 January 2022 / Published: 24 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutritional Management of Gastrointestinal Dysfunction in Children)
Diet is a matter of interest in the pathogenesis and management of Crohn’s Disease (CD). Little is known about CD children’s dietary habits. Our aim was assessing the quality and the amount of nutrient intake in a group of CD pediatric patients. Data were compared with those of healthy subjects (HS). In total, 20 patients (13 males) and 48 HS (24 males) aged 4–18 years were provided with a food diary to fill out for one week. Winfood software performed the bromatological analysis, providing data about intakes of proteins and amino acids, fatty acids, carbohydrates, cholesterol, fibers, minerals, vitamins, and polyphenols. Estimates of the antioxidant activity of foods and of the dietetic protein load were also calculated. The diet of CD patients was poorer in fibers, polyphenols, vitamin A, beta-carotene, and fatty acids, and richer in animal proteins, vitamin B12, and niacin. PRAL was higher in CD patients’ diets, while ORAC was higher in HS. No significant differences were observed in carbohydrate and other macro- and micronutrient consumptions. CD dietary habits seem to reflect the so-called Western diet, possibly involved in CD pathogenesis. Furthermore, analysis of dietary habits allows for prevention of nutritional deficiencies and timely correction through education and supplementation. View Full-Text
Keywords: Crohn’s disease; dietary intake; nutritional deficiencies; micronutrients; bromatology Crohn’s disease; dietary intake; nutritional deficiencies; micronutrients; bromatology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Labriola, F.; Marcato, C.; Zarbo, C.; Betti, L.; Catelli, A.; Valerii, M.C.; Spisni, E.; Alvisi, P. Dietary Habits of a Group of Children with Crohn’s Disease Compared to Healthy Subjects: Assessment of Risk of Nutritional Deficiencies through a Bromatological Analysis. Nutrients 2022, 14, 499. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14030499

AMA Style

Labriola F, Marcato C, Zarbo C, Betti L, Catelli A, Valerii MC, Spisni E, Alvisi P. Dietary Habits of a Group of Children with Crohn’s Disease Compared to Healthy Subjects: Assessment of Risk of Nutritional Deficiencies through a Bromatological Analysis. Nutrients. 2022; 14(3):499. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14030499

Chicago/Turabian Style

Labriola, Flavio, Caterina Marcato, Chiara Zarbo, Ludovica Betti, Arianna Catelli, Maria C. Valerii, Enzo Spisni, and Patrizia Alvisi. 2022. "Dietary Habits of a Group of Children with Crohn’s Disease Compared to Healthy Subjects: Assessment of Risk of Nutritional Deficiencies through a Bromatological Analysis" Nutrients 14, no. 3: 499. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14030499

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