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Article

Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices among Adolescent Mothers and Associated Factors in India

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Translational Health Research Institute (THRI), School of Medicine, Campbelltown Campus, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW 2571, Australia
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Barmera Medical Clinic (Lake Bonney Private Medical Clinic), Barmera, SA 5345, Australia
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School of Social Sciences, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW 2571, Australia
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Statistiques & M. N., Sherbrooke, QC J1K 2Z4, Canada
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Centre for Healthy Start Initiative, 286A Corporation Drive, Dolphin Estate, Ikoyi, Lagos 101233, Nigeria
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Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences, University of Jos, Jos 930003, Nigeria
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African Vision Research Institute (AVRI), University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041, South Africa
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School of Health Sciences, Campbelltown Campus, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW 2571, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Members of GloMACH are listed in the acknowledgements.
Nutrients 2021, 13(7), 2376; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13072376
Received: 1 June 2021 / Revised: 6 July 2021 / Accepted: 7 July 2021 / Published: 12 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition in Women)
Adequate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) improve child survival and growth. Globally, about 18 million babies are born to mothers aged 18 years or less and have a higher likelihood of adverse birth outcomes in India due to insufficient knowledge of child growth. This paper examined factors associated with IYCF practices among adolescent Indian mothers. This cross-sectional study extracted data on 5148 children aged 0–23 months from the 2015–2016 India National Family Health Survey. Survey logistic regression was used to assess factors associated with IYCF among adolescent mothers. Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding, early initiation of breastfeeding, timely introduction of complementary feeding, minimum dietary diversity, minimum meal frequency, and minimum acceptable diet rates were: 58.7%, 43.8%, 43.3%, 16.6%, 27.4% and 6.8%, respectively. Maternal education, mode of delivery, frequency of antenatal care (ANC) clinic visits, geographical region, child’s age, and household wealth were the main factors associated with breastfeeding practices while maternal education, maternal marital status, child’s age, frequency of ANC clinic visits, geographical region, and household wealth were factors associated with complementary feeding practices. IYCF practices among adolescent mothers are suboptimal except for breastfeeding. Health and nutritional support interventions should address the factors for these indicators among adolescent mothers in India. View Full-Text
Keywords: infant and young child feeding; breastfeeding; complementary feeding; adolescent mothers; India infant and young child feeding; breastfeeding; complementary feeding; adolescent mothers; India
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dhami, M.V.; Ogbo, F.A.; Diallo, T.M.O.; Olusanya, B.O.; Goson, P.C.; Agho, K.E.; on behalf of the Global Maternal and Child Health Research Collaboration. Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices among Adolescent Mothers and Associated Factors in India. Nutrients 2021, 13, 2376. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13072376

AMA Style

Dhami MV, Ogbo FA, Diallo TMO, Olusanya BO, Goson PC, Agho KE, on behalf of the Global Maternal and Child Health Research Collaboration. Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices among Adolescent Mothers and Associated Factors in India. Nutrients. 2021; 13(7):2376. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13072376

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dhami, Mansi Vijaybhai, Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Thierno M. O. Diallo, Bolajoko O. Olusanya, Piwuna Christopher Goson, Kingsley Emwinyore Agho, and on behalf of the Global Maternal and Child Health Research Collaboration. 2021. "Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices among Adolescent Mothers and Associated Factors in India" Nutrients 13, no. 7: 2376. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13072376

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