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Article

Dietary Intake and Diet Quality of Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer and the General Population: Results from the SCCSS-Nutrition Study

1
Childhood Cancer Research Group, Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM), University of Bern, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
2
Center for Primary Care and Public Health (Unisanté), University of Lausanne, 1010 Lausanne, Switzerland
3
Children’s University Hospital of Bern, University of Bern, 3010 Bern, Switzerland
4
Division and Department of Primary Care Medicine, Geneva University Hospital HUG, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland
5
Pediatric Hematology-Oncology Unit, Lausanne University Hospital CHUV, 1010 Lausanne, Switzerland
6
Pediatric Onco-Hematology Unit, Geneva University Hospital HUG, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland
7
Cansearch Research Laboratory, Geneva Medical School, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Shared last authorship.
Academic Editor: Tyler Barker
Nutrients 2021, 13(6), 1767; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13061767
Received: 10 March 2021 / Revised: 11 May 2021 / Accepted: 19 May 2021 / Published: 22 May 2021
Childhood cancer survivors (CCSs) are at increased risk of developing chronic health conditions. This may potentially be reduced by a balanced diet. We aimed to compare dietary intake and diet quality using the Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI) of adult CCSs and the general Swiss population. A food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was completed by CCSs with a median age of 34 (IQR: 29–40) years. We compared dietary intake of 775 CCSs to two population-based cohorts who completed the same FFQ: 1276 CoLaus and 2529 Bus Santé study participants. CCSs consumed particular inadequate amounts of fiber and excessive amounts of sodium and saturated fat. Dietary intake was similar in CCSs and the general population. The mean AHEI was low with 49.8 in CCSs (men: 47.7, women: 51.9), 52.3 in CoLaus (men: 50.2, women: 54.0), and 53.7 in Bus Santé (men: 51.8, women: 54.4) out of a maximum score of 110. The AHEI scores for fish, fruit, vegetables, and alcohol were worse in CCSs than in the general population, whereas the score for sugar-sweetened beverages was better (all p < 0.001). Diet quality at follow-up did not differ between clinical characteristics of CCSs. Long-term CCSs and the general population have poor dietary intake and quality in Switzerland, which suggests similar population-based interventions for everyone. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary intake; AHEI; food frequency questionnaire; childhood cancer survivors; Swiss Childhood Cancer Registry; Europe dietary intake; AHEI; food frequency questionnaire; childhood cancer survivors; Swiss Childhood Cancer Registry; Europe
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MDPI and ACS Style

Belle, F.N.; Chatelan, A.; Kasteler, R.; Mader, L.; Guessous, I.; Beck-Popovic, M.; Ansari, M.; Kuehni, C.E.; Bochud, M. Dietary Intake and Diet Quality of Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer and the General Population: Results from the SCCSS-Nutrition Study. Nutrients 2021, 13, 1767. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13061767

AMA Style

Belle FN, Chatelan A, Kasteler R, Mader L, Guessous I, Beck-Popovic M, Ansari M, Kuehni CE, Bochud M. Dietary Intake and Diet Quality of Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer and the General Population: Results from the SCCSS-Nutrition Study. Nutrients. 2021; 13(6):1767. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13061767

Chicago/Turabian Style

Belle, Fabiën N., Angeline Chatelan, Rahel Kasteler, Luzius Mader, Idris Guessous, Maja Beck-Popovic, Marc Ansari, Claudia E. Kuehni, and Murielle Bochud. 2021. "Dietary Intake and Diet Quality of Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer and the General Population: Results from the SCCSS-Nutrition Study" Nutrients 13, no. 6: 1767. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13061767

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