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Review

Moderate Consumption of Beer and Its Effects on Cardiovascular and Metabolic Health: An Updated Review of Recent Scientific Evidence

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Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition (ICTAN), Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), 28040 Madrid, Spain
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CIBER Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition, Carlos III Institute of Health, 28222 Madrid, Spain
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Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35016 Las Palmas, Spain
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Lipid and Atherosclerosis Unit, Maimonides Biomedical Research Institute of Córdoba (IMIBIC), UGC of Internal Medicine, Reina Sofia University Hospital, University of Córdoba, 14004 Córdoba, Spain
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Palleter Health Centre, CEU University—Cardenal Herrera, 12005 Castellón, Spain
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Endocrinology, Nutrition, Diabetes and Obesity Unit, Institute of Biomedical Research in Málaga (IBIMA), Virgen de la Victoria Hospital, University of Málaga, 29010 Málaga, Spain
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Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Clinic, August Pi i Sunyer Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBAPS), University of Barcelona, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ana Baylin
Nutrients 2021, 13(3), 879; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030879
Received: 15 January 2021 / Revised: 1 March 2021 / Accepted: 3 March 2021 / Published: 9 March 2021
There is growing interest in the potential health-related effects of moderate alcohol consumption and, specifically, of beer. This review provides an assessment of beer-associated effects on cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors to identify a consumption level that can be considered “moderate”. We identified all prospective clinical studies and systematic reviews that evaluated the health effects of beer published between January 2007 and April 2020. Five of six selected studies found a protective effect of moderate alcohol drinking on cardiovascular disease (beer up to 385 g/week) vs. abstainers or occasional drinkers. Four out of five papers showed an association between moderate alcohol consumption (beer intake of 84 g alcohol/week) and decreased mortality risk. We concluded that moderate beer consumption of up to 16 g alcohol/day (1 drink/day) for women and 28 g/day (1–2 drinks/day) for men is associated with decreased incidence of cardiovascular disease and overall mortality, among other metabolic health benefits. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol; moderate drinking; mortality; diabetes; obesity; osteoporosis alcohol; moderate drinking; mortality; diabetes; obesity; osteoporosis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marcos, A.; Serra-Majem, L.; Pérez-Jiménez, F.; Pascual, V.; Tinahones, F.J.; Estruch, R. Moderate Consumption of Beer and Its Effects on Cardiovascular and Metabolic Health: An Updated Review of Recent Scientific Evidence. Nutrients 2021, 13, 879. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030879

AMA Style

Marcos A, Serra-Majem L, Pérez-Jiménez F, Pascual V, Tinahones FJ, Estruch R. Moderate Consumption of Beer and Its Effects on Cardiovascular and Metabolic Health: An Updated Review of Recent Scientific Evidence. Nutrients. 2021; 13(3):879. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030879

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marcos, Ascensión, Lluís Serra-Majem, Francisco Pérez-Jiménez, Vicente Pascual, Francisco J. Tinahones, and Ramón Estruch. 2021. "Moderate Consumption of Beer and Its Effects on Cardiovascular and Metabolic Health: An Updated Review of Recent Scientific Evidence" Nutrients 13, no. 3: 879. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030879

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